|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$6,873||Benefits minus costs||$21,837|
|Participants||$11,345||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$2,452||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,058||benefits greater than the costs||100 %|
|Net program cost||$109|
|Benefits minus cost||$21,837|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|K-12 grade repetition||$9||$0||$0||$5||$14|
|K-12 special education||$34||$0||$0||$17||$51|
|Labor market earnings associated with PTSD||$4,875||$10,734||$0||$0||$15,608|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$1,961||$639||$2,429||$985||$6,013|
|Costs of higher education||($18)||($27)||($8)||($9)||($62)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$55||$55|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,037||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||$109|
|Comparison costs||$1,035||2009||Cost range (+ or -)||30 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment Age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Disruptive behavior disorder symptoms||12||4||290||-0.243||0.298||12||-0.116||0.162||15||-0.222||0.625|
|Externalizing behavior symptoms||12||9||340||-0.143||0.079||12||-0.068||0.050||15||-0.171||0.031|
|Major depressive disorder||12||24||1447||-0.380||0.076||12||0.000||0.031||13||-0.589||0.001|
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