Washington State Institute for Public Policy

Benefit-Cost Results

Since the 1990s, the Washington State legislature has directed WSIPP to identify “evidence-based” policies. The goal is to provide Washington policymakers and budget writers with a list of well-researched public policies that can, with a high degree of certainty, lead to better statewide outcomes coupled with a more efficient use of taxpayer dollars.

Research Approach. WSIPP has developed a three-step process to draw conclusions about what works and what does not to achieve particular outcomes of legislative interest. First, we systematically assess all high-quality studies from the United States and elsewhere to identify policy options that have been tested and found to achieve improvements in outcomes. Second, we determine how much it would cost Washington taxpayers to produce the results found in Step 1, and calculate how much it would be worth to people in Washington State to achieve the improved outcome. That is, in dollars and cents terms, we compare the benefits and costs of each policy option. It is important to note that the benefit-cost estimates pertain specifically to Washington State; results will vary from state to state. Third, we assess the risk in the estimates to determine the odds that a particular policy option will at least break even. ...show more

WSIPP acknowledges the MacArthur Foundation and the Pew Charitable Trusts that have helped fund some of the research reported on this page.

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For details on our benefit-cost methods, contact Stephanie Lee or download our technical documentation.

Latest Results. The tables on this webpage present our current findings for a variety of public policy topics. Items on these tables are updated periodically as new information becomes available. Interested readers can find more information by clicking each entry in the tables.

Benefit-cost methods last updated June 2016
Search by program description

Current estimates replace old estimates. Numbers will change over time as a result of model inputs and monetization methods.

All Research Areas
Juvenile Justice
Adult Criminal Justice
Child Welfare
Pre-K to 12 Education
Children's Mental Health
Health Care
Substance Abuse
Adult Mental Health
Public Health & Prevention
Workforce Development
Juvenile Justice
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Juvenile Justice, contact Elizabeth Drake.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Family-based therapy (Parenting with Love and Limits model) NEW Jun. 2016 $34,691 $9,252 $25,438 ($1,688) $33,004 $20.56 98 %
Functional Family Therapy (youth in state institutions) Dec. 2014 $32,150 $7,833 $24,317 ($3,427) $28,723 $9.38 99 %
Education and Employment Training (EET, King County) Dec. 2015 $26,708 $7,279 $19,429 ($855) $25,853 $31.24 100 %
Functional Family Therapy (youth on probation) Dec. 2014 $22,316 $6,451 $15,864 ($3,427) $18,889 $6.51 99 %
Mentoring Jun. 2014 $21,283 $5,936 $15,347 ($3,260) $18,022 $6.53 87 %
Aggression Replacement Training (youth in state institutions) Dec. 2014 $17,190 $4,017 $13,173 ($1,584) $15,606 $10.85 92 %
Teaching-Family (group home model) Jun. 2015 $37,510 $10,447 $27,062 ($22,101) $15,409 $1.70 65 %
Wilderness experience programs Sep. 2015 $19,442 $6,035 $13,407 ($6,388) $13,054 $3.04 100 %
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Dec. 2014 $11,146 $3,023 $8,122 ($390) $10,756 $28.56 94 %
Aggression Replacement Training (youth on probation) Dec. 2014 $12,327 $3,435 $8,892 ($1,585) $10,742 $7.78 91 %
Other family-based therapies (non-name brand) Sep. 2015 $11,043 $3,062 $7,981 ($1,795) $9,248 $6.15 95 %
Adolescent Diversion Project Jul. 2015 $8,122 $2,127 $5,995 $954 $9,076 n/a 97 %
Family Integrated Transitions (youth in state institutions) Dec. 2014 $20,424 $5,882 $14,542 ($11,809) $8,616 $1.73 67 %
Diversion, no services (vs. traditional juvenile court processing) Jul. 2015 $6,856 $1,762 $5,094 $1,068 $7,924 n/a 98 %
Functional Family Parole (with quality assurance) Jan. 2013 $11,711 $3,199 $8,512 ($4,567) $7,144 $2.56 72 %
Therapeutic communities for substance abusers Dec. 2012 $11,711 $3,154 $8,557 ($4,664) $7,047 $2.51 76 %
Coordination of Services Sep. 2015 $6,300 $1,737 $4,563 ($414) $5,886 $15.20 95 %
Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care Jun. 2014 $14,097 $4,168 $9,929 ($8,282) $5,815 $1.70 61 %
Multisystemic Therapy Apr. 2012 $13,477 $3,872 $9,605 ($7,731) $5,746 $1.74 75 %
Multisystemic Therapy for substance abusers Sep. 2013 $12,659 $3,954 $8,705 ($7,739) $4,920 $1.64 54 %
Diversion with services (vs. traditional juvenile court processing) Jul. 2015 $3,501 $912 $2,589 $566 $4,068 n/a 98 %
Vocational and employment training Sep. 2015 $10,424 $5,322 $5,101 ($7,525) $2,899 $1.39 55 %
Intensive supervision (parole) Sep. 2015 $4,954 $1,376 $3,577 ($2,129) $2,824 $2.33 65 %
Victim offender mediation Apr. 2012 $2,830 $848 $1,982 ($608) $2,222 $4.65 78 %
Drug court Jul. 2014 $4,941 $1,696 $3,244 ($3,226) $1,715 $1.53 57 %
Diversion with services (vs. simple release) Jul. 2015 ($320) $31 ($350) ($855) ($1,175) ($0.37) 40 %
Other chemical dependency treatment for juveniles (non-therapeutic communities) Dec. 2012 ($986) $170 ($1,156) ($3,255) ($4,241) ($0.30) 19 %
Scared Straight May. 2015 ($8,697) ($2,333) ($6,364) ($105) ($8,802) ($82.77) 4 %
Intensive supervision (probation) Sep. 2015 ($5,883) ($954) ($4,929) ($4,358) ($10,240) ($1.35) 0 %
To view details of all Juvenile Justice programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Juvenile Justice topics reviewed; benefit-cost results not yet available:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Dialectical Behavior Therapy Aug. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Group homes (non-name brand programs) Jun. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Multisystemic Therapy for sex offenders Jun. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Sex offender treatment (non-MST) Jun. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Connections Wraparound Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy for substance abuse: Integrated Treatment model May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Electronic monitoring Sep. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Group homes (Boys Town) Sep. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Group homes (Sanctuary Model) Jun. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Group homes (Stop-Gap model) Jun. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative Jan. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Step Up May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
You Are Not Your Past Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Adult Criminal Justice
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Adult Criminal Justice, contact Elizabeth Drake.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Employment & job training assistance during incarceration Sep. 2015 $34,860 $10,092 $24,768 ($465) $34,396 $75.04 99 %
Electronic monitoring (probation) Dec. 2014 $25,739 $7,160 $18,579 $1,124 $26,863 n/a 94 %
Therapeutic communities for offenders with co-occuring disorders Nov. 2014 $25,848 $7,975 $17,872 ($3,738) $22,109 $6.91 99 %
Correctional education (basic or post-secondary) in prison Oct. 2015 $21,788 $6,449 $15,339 ($1,187) $20,601 $18.36 100 %
Offender Re-entry Community Safety Program (dangerously mentally ill offenders) Apr. 2012 $55,488 $22,404 $33,083 ($36,283) $19,204 $1.53 90 %
Day reporting centers Mar. 2015 $22,489 $6,958 $15,531 ($3,940) $18,549 $5.71 92 %
Vocational education in prison Aug. 2015 $20,064 $6,017 $14,048 ($1,653) $18,411 $12.13 100 %
Drug Offender Sentencing Alternative (for drug offenders) Apr. 2012 $19,867 $5,875 $13,993 ($1,610) $18,257 $12.34 98 %
Mental health courts May. 2014 $19,080 $5,941 $13,140 ($3,067) $16,014 $6.22 99 %
Electronic monitoring (parole) Dec. 2014 $14,342 $3,963 $10,379 $1,125 $15,467 n/a 100 %
Outpatient/non-intensive drug treatment (incarceration) Nov. 2014 $15,060 $4,475 $10,585 ($935) $14,125 $16.10 100 %
Swift and Certain sanctions for offenders on community supervision Oct. 2015 $13,356 $3,699 $9,658 $696 $14,052 n/a 100 %
Inpatient/intensive outpatient drug treatment (incarceration) Nov. 2014 $15,445 $4,682 $10,763 ($1,599) $13,846 $9.66 100 %
Sex offender treatment in the community Dec. 2013 $14,464 $3,478 $10,987 ($1,664) $12,800 $8.69 93 %
Risk Need & Responsivity supervision (for high and moderate risk offenders) Dec. 2013 $17,125 $5,642 $11,483 ($5,005) $12,121 $3.42 100 %
Jail diversion programs for offenders with mental illness (post-arrest programs) Mar. 2015 $5,044 ($3,760) $8,803 $5,618 $10,661 n/a 61 %
Cognitive behavioral treatment (for high and moderate risk offenders) Aug. 2014 $10,483 $3,079 $7,405 ($433) $10,050 $24.19 100 %
Therapeutic communities for chemically dependent offenders (community) Nov. 2014 $11,503 $3,499 $8,004 ($1,562) $9,941 $7.37 100 %
Case management: swift & certain/graduated sanctions for substance abusing offenders Dec. 2012 $14,263 $4,762 $9,501 ($4,996) $9,267 $2.85 95 %
Drug Offender Sentencing Alternative (for property offenders) Dec. 2012 $10,627 $3,249 $7,378 ($1,609) $9,018 $6.60 70 %
Drug courts Aug. 2014 $13,015 $4,098 $8,917 ($4,984) $8,031 $2.61 100 %
Employment & job training assistance in the community May. 2015 $8,441 $2,469 $5,972 ($464) $7,977 $18.17 99 %
Work release Aug. 2015 $6,450 $1,959 $4,492 ($693) $5,757 $9.30 99 %
Correctional industries in prison Aug. 2015 $6,437 $2,071 $4,366 ($1,493) $4,945 $4.31 100 %
Therapeutic communities for chemically dependent offenders (incarceration) Nov. 2014 $9,892 $3,590 $6,303 ($5,004) $4,888 $1.98 94 %
Outpatient/non-intensive drug treatment (community) Nov. 2014 $4,712 $1,461 $3,251 ($854) $3,858 $5.52 91 %
Sex offender treatment during incarceration Dec. 2013 $8,813 $2,602 $6,212 ($5,222) $3,591 $1.69 75 %
Intensive supervision (surveillance & treatment) Apr. 2012 $11,508 $4,440 $7,069 ($8,231) $3,278 $1.40 73 %
Restorative justice conferencing Oct. 2015 $3,767 $1,224 $2,543 ($1,081) $2,686 $3.49 70 %
Inpatient/intensive outpatient drug treatment (community) Nov. 2014 $1,233 $501 $732 ($1,045) $188 $1.18 51 %
Case management: not swift and certain for substance abusing offenders Nov. 2015 $3,183 $1,614 $1,569 ($5,000) ($1,817) $0.64 33 %
Intensive supervision (surveillance only) Apr. 2012 ($3,316) ($326) ($2,990) ($4,330) ($7,646) ($0.77) 5 %
Domestic violence perpetrator treatment (Duluth-based model) Aug. 2014 ($8,000) ($2,074) ($5,925) ($1,434) ($9,433) ($5.58) 17 %
Prison
For lower risk offenders, decrease prison average daily population by 250, by lowering length of stay by 3 months Oct. 2013 ($4,140) ($790) ($3,350) $5,814 $1,673 n/a 71 %
For moderate risk offenders, decrease prison average daily population by 250, by lowering length of stay by 3 months Oct. 2013 ($14,510) ($2,237) ($12,273) $5,818 ($8,693) n/a 11 %
For high risk offenders, decrease prison average daily population by 250, by lowering length of stay by 3 months Oct. 2013 ($40,980) ($5,272) ($35,708) $5,818 ($35,163) n/a 1 %
Police (results per-officer)
Deploy one additional police officer with hot spots strategies Oct. 2013 $569,197 $70,385 $498,811 ($95,560) $473,637 $5.96 100 %
Deploy one additional police officer with statewide average practices Oct. 2013 $491,414 $60,352 $431,062 ($91,001) $400,413 $5.40 100 %
To view details of all Adult Criminal Justice programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Adult Criminal Justice topics reviewed; benefit-cost results not yet available:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Dialectical Behavior Therapy Sep. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Domestic violence perpetrator treatment (Non-Duluth models) Aug. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Driving Under the Influence (DUI) court Feb. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Housing supports for offenders returning to the community Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Ignition interlock devices for alcohol-related offenses Mar. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Parenting programs (during incarceration) Nov. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Veteran's courts Nov. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Child Welfare
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Child Welfare, contact Stephanie Lee.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) for families in the child welfare system Apr. 2012 $21,089 $7,879 $13,210 ($1,623) $19,466 $12.99 94 %
Intensive Family Preservation Services (HOMEBUILDERS®) Apr. 2012 $21,284 $12,847 $8,437 ($3,453) $17,832 $6.16 99 %
Subsidized guardianship (Title IV-E waivers) Apr. 2012 $5,411 $1,233 $4,178 $3,579 $8,990 n/a 99 %
Alternative response Aug. 2014 $2,905 $873 $2,032 ($241) $2,664 $12.07 88 %
Flexible funding (Title IV-E waivers) Apr. 2012 $1,192 $385 $807 $0 $1,192 n/a 91 %
SafeCare Apr. 2012 $2,757 $1,383 $1,374 ($2,106) $651 $1.31 50 %
Other Family Preservation Services (non-HOMEBUILDERS®) Apr. 2012 ($4,385) ($909) ($3,476) ($3,164) ($7,549) ($1.39) 0 %
Youth Villages LifeSet NEW Jun. 2016 ($2,218) $982 ($3,200) ($9,694) ($11,912) ($0.23) 22 %
To view details of all Child Welfare programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Child Welfare topics reviewed; benefit-cost results not yet available:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Family Team Decision Making Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Fostering Healthy Futures Jun. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Multisystemic Therapy (MST) for child abuse and neglect Jun. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Structured Decision Making Risk Assessment Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Alternatives for Families (AF-CBT) May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Circle of Security Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Family Search and Engagement Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Functional Family Therapy (FFT) for children in the child welfare system Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Including Fathers—Father Engagement Program Jul. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Kaleidoscope Play and Learn Jun. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
King County Family Treatment Court NEW Jun. 2016 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Parent Mentor Program Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Parents and Children Together (PACT) Jun. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Parents for Parents Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Partners with Families and Children Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Pathway to Reunification Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Project KEEP Apr. 2012 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Promoting First Relationships Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Safe Babies, Safe Moms Jan. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Pre-K to 12 Education
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Pre-K to 12 Education, contact Annie Pennucci.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Becoming a Man (BAM) with high-dosage tutoring May. 2015 $34,488 $9,364 $25,124 ($4,477) $30,011 $7.70 72 %
State and district early childhood education programs Dec. 2013 $36,212 $11,868 $24,344 ($7,168) $29,044 $5.05 92 %
Consultant teachers: Literacy Collaborative Jun. 2014 $24,995 $6,407 $18,588 ($742) $24,253 $33.68 100 %
Head Start Dec. 2013 $26,273 $8,696 $17,577 ($8,836) $17,436 $2.97 82 %
Tutoring: By peers Jul. 2014 $15,019 $3,806 $11,212 ($114) $14,905 $131.90 83 %
Double-dose classes May. 2015 $15,174 $4,061 $11,112 ($488) $14,686 $31.13 98 %
Summer book programs: Multi-year intervention Jun. 2014 $14,688 $3,732 $10,956 ($215) $14,473 $68.20 71 %
Case management in schools Jun. 2014 $14,560 $4,292 $10,268 ($226) $14,334 $64.33 96 %
Teacher professional development: Use of data to guide instruction Jun. 2014 $13,410 $3,398 $10,011 ($109) $13,301 $123.33 98 %
Consultant teachers: Online coaching Jun. 2014 $13,470 $3,424 $10,045 ($194) $13,275 $69.31 86 %
Tutoring: By certificated teachers, small-group, structured Jun. 2014 $14,042 $3,730 $10,312 ($1,430) $12,612 $9.82 96 %
Tutoring: By adults for English language learner students Jul. 2014 $14,007 $3,777 $10,231 ($1,437) $12,570 $9.74 68 %
Tutoring: By adults, one-on-one, structured Jun. 2014 $13,869 $3,796 $10,072 ($2,330) $11,538 $5.95 94 %
Project Lead The Way (PLTW) Sep. 2014 $12,970 $3,493 $9,477 ($1,773) $11,197 $7.32 82 %
Consultant teachers: Content-Focused Coaching Jun. 2014 $10,147 $2,571 $7,576 ($58) $10,089 $175.04 94 %
Special literacy instruction for English language learner students Jul. 2014 $10,038 $2,610 $7,428 ($297) $9,741 $33.81 80 %
Tutoring: By non-certificated adults, small-group, structured Jun. 2014 $8,496 $2,215 $6,281 ($545) $7,951 $15.59 77 %
Teacher professional development: Targeted Jun. 2014 $7,905 $2,031 $5,874 ($264) $7,641 $29.90 78 %
Consultant teachers: Coaching Jun. 2014 $6,256 $1,611 $4,644 ($256) $5,999 $24.40 82 %
Teacher professional development: Induction/mentoring Jun. 2014 $5,098 $1,295 $3,803 ($76) $5,023 $67.47 63 %
Out-of-school-time tutoring by adults Jun. 2014 $5,928 $1,616 $4,313 ($933) $4,996 $6.36 92 %
Summer learning programs: Academically focused Jun. 2014 $5,472 $1,527 $3,945 ($1,153) $4,319 $4.75 86 %
Per-pupil expenditures: 10% increase for one student cohort from kindergarten through grade 12 Apr. 2012 $15,053 $4,341 $10,712 ($10,926) $4,127 $1.38 63 %
Supplemental computer-assisted instruction for struggling readers NEW Jun. 2016 $3,997 $1,077 $2,920 ($545) $3,452 $7.33 58 %
National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) certification bonuses Apr. 2012 $3,507 $900 $2,607 ($111) $3,396 $31.60 100 %
Parents as tutors with teacher oversight Jun. 2014 $3,962 $1,101 $2,862 ($809) $3,154 $4.90 56 %
Teacher performance pay programs Oct. 2015 $2,266 $577 $1,689 ($36) $2,230 $63.23 86 %
Tutoring: By adults, one-on-one, non-structured Jun. 2014 $3,580 $1,088 $2,492 ($1,449) $2,131 $2.47 70 %
Becoming a Man (BAM) May. 2015 $3,959 $1,210 $2,749 ($2,000) $1,959 $1.98 72 %
First Step to Success May. 2015 $2,397 $650 $1,747 ($593) $1,804 $4.04 53 %
Teacher professional development: Online, targeted Jun. 2014 $2,096 $564 $1,532 ($296) $1,800 $7.08 60 %
Summer book programs: One-year intervention Jun. 2014 $1,753 $452 $1,301 ($78) $1,674 $22.36 56 %
Class size: reducing average class size by one student in kindergarten Jan. 2013 $1,808 $559 $1,249 ($208) $1,600 $8.70 98 %
Summer book programs: One-year intervention, with additional support Jun. 2014 $1,046 $280 $767 ($116) $931 $9.03 58 %
Tutoring: Supplemental Educational Services (under Title I) May. 2015 $2,480 $846 $1,634 ($1,670) $810 $1.48 58 %
Class size: reducing average class size by one student in grade 1 Jan. 2013 $952 $309 $643 ($208) $744 $4.58 90 %
Daily Behavior Report Cards May. 2015 $692 $187 $505 ($50) $642 $13.78 68 %
Class size: reducing average class size by one student in grade 2 Jan. 2013 $550 $190 $360 ($208) $343 $2.65 65 %
Class size: reducing average class size by one student in grade 3 Jan. 2013 $427 $154 $273 ($208) $219 $2.06 58 %
Class size: reducing average class size by one student in one grade, 4-6 Jan. 2013 $315 $117 $198 ($188) $127 $1.68 53 %
Class size: reducing average class size by one student in one grade, 9-12 Jan. 2013 $277 $100 $176 ($168) $109 $1.65 52 %
Class size: reducing average class size by one student in one grade, 7-8 Jan. 2013 $271 $101 $170 ($170) $101 $1.59 52 %
Second Step May. 2015 $114 $42 $72 ($119) ($5) $0.96 47 %
Teacher professional development: Not targeted Jun. 2014 ($16) $7 ($23) ($88) ($104) ($0.18) 37 %
Conjoint Behavioral Consultation May. 2015 ($199) $39 ($237) ($708) ($907) ($0.28) 1 %
Full-day kindergarten Dec. 2013 $283 $416 ($133) ($2,731) ($2,448) $0.10 38 %
Educator professional development: Use of data to guide instruction Jun. 2014 ($3,108) ($781) ($2,327) ($18) ($3,126) ($171.63) 31 %
"Check-in" behavior interventions May. 2015 ($2,455) ($419) ($2,035) ($1,330) ($3,785) ($1.85) 45 %
Even Start Apr. 2012 ($4,873) ($705) ($4,168) ($4,270) ($9,143) ($1.14) 31 %
Early Head Start Apr. 2012 ($1,516) $2,134 ($3,650) ($10,995) ($12,511) ($0.14) 24 %
To view details of all Pre-K to 12 Education programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Pre-K to 12 Education topics reviewed; benefit-cost results not yet available:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Academic Vocabulary Instruction NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Charter schools: Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) Aug. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Charter schools: non-urban charter schools Aug. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Charter schools: overall impact Aug. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Charter schools: urban charter schools Aug. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Model early childhood education programs Dec. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Pre-K and elementary bilingual instruction for English language learners Jun. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Principal quality Aug. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Teacher experience Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Teacher graduate degrees Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Teacher in-subject graduate degrees Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Transition programs for incoming kindergarteners NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
ACCEPTS program May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) Jul. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Connecting With Others program May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Credit retrieval Jun. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
High Schools That Work (HSTW) Jul. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
International Baccalaureate Jul. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
K-12 educator professional learning communities Jul. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Lunch Buddy Program May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Make Your Day May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
MicroSociety Jul. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Montessori in K-12 Jul. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Parent and family engagement coordinators Jun. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Skillstreaming May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Team teaching or co-teaching Jan. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Team Teaching/Co-teaching May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Think Time May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Children's Mental Health
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Children's Mental Health, contact Marna Miller.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Anxiety
Remote Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for anxious children Apr. 2012 $7,050 $2,095 $4,955 $781 $7,831 n/a 93 %
Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for anxious children Apr. 2012 $6,393 $1,947 $4,447 $413 $6,807 n/a 100 %
Individual Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for anxious children Apr. 2012 $4,470 $1,527 $2,942 ($773) $3,696 $5.78 98 %
Parent Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for anxious young children Apr. 2012 $1,871 $488 $1,383 $640 $2,511 n/a 99 %
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) for children with ADHD Apr. 2012 $434 $94 $340 $112 $546 n/a 89 %
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for children with ADHD Apr. 2012 ($1,088) ($145) ($943) ($1,037) ($2,125) ($1.05) 8 %
Multimodal Therapy (MMT) for children with ADHD Apr. 2012 $2,623 $1,835 $788 ($8,800) ($6,177) $0.30 33 %
Depression
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for depressed children Jun. 2015 $4,051 $1,299 $2,752 ($174) $3,878 $23.33 59 %
Blues Program (group CBT prevention program for high school students at risk for depression) May. 2015 ($26) $11 ($38) ($115) ($141) ($0.23) 41 %
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for depressed adolescents Apr. 2012 $81 $71 $10 ($511) ($429) $0.16 38 %
Disruptive Behavior
Other Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) for children with disruptive behavior disorders Apr. 2012 $2,355 $669 $1,686 $109 $2,464 n/a 89 %
Triple-P Positive Parenting Program: Level 4, individual Apr. 2012 $3,369 $1,123 $2,245 ($981) $2,387 $3.43 86 %
Triple-P Positive Parenting Program: Level 4, group Apr. 2012 $1,672 $399 $1,273 $553 $2,225 n/a 100 %
Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) for children with disruptive behavior Apr. 2012 $3,207 $1,121 $2,085 ($1,398) $1,808 $2.29 79 %
Parent Management Training—Oregon Model (treatment population) May. 2015 $1,842 $668 $1,174 ($690) $1,151 $2.67 83 %
Helping the Noncompliant Child Jun. 2015 $1,559 $547 $1,012 ($689) $870 $2.26 66 %
Incredible Years: Parent training Apr. 2012 $2,153 $849 $1,303 ($1,305) $847 $1.65 54 %
Multimodal Therapy (MMT) for children with disruptive behavior Apr. 2012 $1,893 $652 $1,240 ($1,344) $549 $1.41 49 %
Families and Schools Together (FAST) Apr. 2012 $1,982 $681 $1,301 ($1,854) $128 $1.07 49 %
Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT) NEW Jun. 2016 $594 $548 $45 ($538) $56 $1.10 46 %
Incredible Years: Parent training and child training Apr. 2012 $344 $349 ($6) ($1,707) ($1,364) $0.20 13 %
Stop Now and Plan (SNAP) Dec. 2015 $62 $528 ($466) ($3,298) ($3,236) $0.02 4 %
Serious Emotional Disturbance
Multisystemic Therapy (MST) for youth with serious emotional disturbance (SED) Apr. 2012 $9,009 $3,502 $5,506 ($6,823) $2,185 $1.32 61 %
Trauma
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for child trauma Apr. 2012 $8,816 $2,776 $6,040 $163 $8,979 n/a 81 %
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)-based models for child trauma Apr. 2012 $6,217 $1,923 $4,293 $334 $6,550 n/a 100 %
To view details of all Children's Mental Health programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Children's Mental Health topics reviewed; benefit-cost results not yet available:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Addition of CBT to antidepressants (compared to antidepressants alone) for adolescent depression Aug. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Child-Parent Psychotherapy Jun. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Choice Theory/Reality Therapy Dec. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Full fidelity wraparound for children with serious emotional disturbance (SED) Jan. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Intensive Family Preservation Services (HOMEBUILDERS®) for youth with serious emotional disturbance (SED) NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Modularized Approaches to Treatment of Anxiety, Depression, and Behavior (MATCH) Jun. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
New Beginnings for children of divorce Jun. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
ADOPTS (therapy to address distress of post traumatic stress in adoptive children) Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Encompass for ADHD NEW Jun. 2016 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Families Moving Forward Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Kids Club and Moms Empowerment support groups Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Take 5: Trauma Affects Kids Everywhere—Five Ways to Promote Resilence Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Theraplay Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Health Care
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Health Care, contact Stephanie Lee.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Health Promotion
Lifestyle interventions to prevent diabetes: Long-term, intensive, individual counseling programs Dec. 2014 $28,870 $11,628 $17,243 ($3,742) $25,128 $7.72 100 %
Lifestyle interventions to prevent diabetes: Shorter-term programs with group-based counseling Dec. 2014 $14,178 $5,048 $9,129 ($441) $13,737 $32.16 81 %
Behavioral interventions to reduce obesity for adults: High-intensity, in-person programs Dec. 2014 $2,494 $535 $1,959 ($617) $1,877 $4.04 61 %
Behavioral interventions to reduce obesity for adults: Remotely-delivered programs Dec. 2014 $822 $159 $663 ($94) $728 $8.74 55 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Multi-faceted hospital-based interventions (private pay population) Nov. 2015 $335 $116 $219 ($34) $301 $9.86 100 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Multi-faceted hospital-based interventions (Medicaid population) Nov. 2015 $232 $82 $150 ($34) $198 $6.81 100 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Audit and feedback (private pay population) Nov. 2015 $199 $70 $129 ($27) $172 $7.33 86 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Audit and feedback (Medicaid population) Nov. 2015 $141 $51 $90 ($27) $114 $5.17 83 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Mandatory second opinion (private pay population) Nov. 2015 $177 $71 $106 ($76) $101 $2.32 100 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Mandatory second opinion (Medicaid population) Nov. 2015 $115 $51 $65 ($76) $39 $1.51 96 %
Behavioral interventions to reduce obesity for children: Remotely-delivered programs Dec. 2014 $45 $11 $34 ($64) ($19) $0.70 50 %
Behavioral interventions to reduce obesity for adults: Low-intensity, in-person programs Dec. 2014 $161 $49 $113 ($183) ($21) $0.88 47 %
Behavioral interventions to reduce obesity for children: Low-intensity, in-person programs Dec. 2014 ($49) $1 ($49) ($163) ($211) ($0.30) 47 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Continuous support (private pay population) Nov. 2015 $11 $46 ($35) ($258) ($247) $0.04 4 %
Cesarean section reduction programs: Continuous support (Medicaid population) Nov. 2015 ($26) $34 ($59) ($258) ($283) ($0.10) 0 %
Behavioral interventions to reduce obesity for children: Moderate- to high-intensity, face-to-face programs Dec. 2014 $22 $27 ($5) ($328) ($306) $0.07 46 %
System Efficiency
Transitional care programs to prevent hospital readmissions: Comprehensive programs Dec. 2014 $1,790 $826 $965 ($413) $1,377 $4.33 100 %
Patient-centered medical homes with high-risk patients Dec. 2014 $653 $271 $383 ($81) $572 $8.04 87 %
Transitional care programs to prevent hospital readmissions: All programs, general patient populations Dec. 2014 $424 $185 $238 ($51) $373 $8.27 88 %
Patient-centered medical homes in integrated health systems Dec. 2014 $231 $106 $125 ($81) $150 $2.85 56 %
Interventions to reduce unnecessary emergency department visits: General education on appropriate ED use Dec. 2014 $14 $7 $7 ($8) $6 $1.81 51 %
Interventions to reduce unnecessary emergency department visits: Asthma self-management education for children Dec. 2014 $41 $28 $13 ($77) ($36) $0.53 50 %
Patient-centered medical homes in physician-led practices Dec. 2014 ($60) ($7) ($53) ($81) ($141) ($0.74) 7 %
Interventions to reduce unnecessary emergency department visits: Intensive case management for frequent ED users Dec. 2014 $3,968 $3,391 $577 ($9,468) ($5,501) $0.42 45 %
To view details of all Health Care programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Health Care topics reviewed; benefit-cost results not yet available:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Accountable Care Organizations: (a) Alternative Quality Contract Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Accountable Care Organizations: (b) Medicare Physician Group Practice Demonstration (PGPD) Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Accountable Care Organizations: (c) Medicare Pioneer ACOs Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (a) High-Deductible Health Plans (moderate to high deductibles, with and without HRAs or HSAs), general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (b) High-Deductible Health Plans (moderate to high deductible levels, with or without HSAs), low-income patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (c) High-Deductible Health Plans with moderate deductibles (individual < $1000), general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (d) High-Deductible Health Plans with higher deductibles (individual > $1000), general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (e) High-Deductible Health Plans with higher deductibles (individual > $1000) and HRA accounts, general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (f) High-Deductible Health Plans with higher deductibles (individual > $1000) and HSA accounts, general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (g) Coinsurance (25% rate or higher) versus no cost sharing, general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (h) Copay increases across multiple services, low-income population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (i) Copay increases across multiple services, low-income and chronically-ill population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (j) Emergency department copays, general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (k) Emergency department copays, low-income patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (l) Copays for nonemergent emergency department visits, Medicaid adult population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (m) Copays for prescription drugs, general patient population Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (n) Copays for prescription drugs, adults with a chronic illness Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (o) Copay reductions for prescription drugs used to treat chronic conditions (Value Based Insurance Design), adults with chronic illnesses Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (p) Copays for prescription drugs, low-income children (CHIP) Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (q) Copays for prescription drugs, low-income children (CHIP) with a chronic illness Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Cost sharing: (r) Copays for prescription drugs, Medicare beneficiaries Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Oral health: Fluoride varnish treatment for permanent teeth Oct. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Oral health: Fluoride varnish treatment for primary teeth Oct. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Oral health: Resin sealants for molars Oct. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Smoking cessation programs during pregnancy (all programs) Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Smoking cessation programs in pregnancy (face-to-face counseling programs) Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Smoking cessation programs in pregnancy (programs without significant face-to-face counseling) Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Transitional care programs to prevent hospital readmissions: Brief phone follow-up only Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Oral health: Mid-level dental care providers Oct. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Oral health: Preventive dental visits Oct. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Substance Abuse
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Substance Abuse, contact Marna Miller.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Early Intervention
Brief Intervention in primary care May. 2014 $5,120 $1,651 $3,469 ($270) $4,850 $18.97 86 %
Brief Intervention in a medical hospital May. 2014 $3,996 $1,269 $2,727 ($159) $3,837 $25.15 73 %
Teen Intervene NEW Jun. 2016 $3,596 $912 $2,683 ($381) $3,215 $9.44 96 %
Brief Intervention in emergency department (SBIRT) May. 2014 $2,754 $935 $1,818 ($429) $2,324 $6.41 72 %
Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention of College Students (BASICS): A Harm Reduction Approach May. 2014 $1,275 $410 $865 ($72) $1,203 $17.61 70 %
Brief intervention for youth in medical settings Feb. 2015 $410 $138 $272 ($329) $81 $1.25 49 %
Alcohol Literacy Challenge (for college students) NEW Jun. 2016 ($337) ($106) ($230) ($4) ($340) ($86.84) 48 %
Functional Family Therapy for substance abusing adolescents (FFT-SA) NEW Jun. 2016 ($462) $227 ($689) ($3,427) ($3,889) ($0.13) 0 %
Treatment for Youth
Teen Marijuana Check-Up Jul. 2014 $2,474 $794 $1,680 ($108) $2,366 $22.95 100 %
Adolescent Assertive Continuing Care Jun. 2013 ($974) $25 ($998) ($2,228) ($3,202) ($0.44) 37 %
Multidimensional Family Therapy (MDFT) May. 2015 ($76) $1,026 ($1,102) ($7,973) ($8,049) ($0.01) 12 %
Treatment for Adults
Cognitive-Behavioral Coping Skills Therapy May. 2014 $35,594 $2,267 $33,327 ($263) $35,331 $135.56 99 %
Contingency management (higher-cost) for substance abuse May. 2014 $18,397 $1,563 $16,834 ($566) $17,831 $32.52 77 %
Seeking Safety: A Psychotherapy for Trauma/PTSD and Substance Abuse May. 2014 $9,509 $607 $8,902 ($391) $9,118 $24.29 66 %
Contingency management (higher-cost) for marijuana use May. 2014 $9,041 $2,921 $6,121 ($565) $8,476 $16.00 77 %
Brief Marijuana Dependence Counseling May. 2014 $8,325 $2,693 $5,632 ($551) $7,774 $15.10 91 %
Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) May. 2014 $8,756 $1,822 $6,934 ($1,879) $6,877 $4.66 60 %
Motivational Interviewing to enhance treatment engagement Dec. 2014 $6,890 $2,078 $4,812 ($263) $6,627 $26.17 62 %
Brief Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Amphetamine Users May. 2014 $6,734 $1,298 $5,436 ($208) $6,526 $32.37 60 %
Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) (problem drinkers) May. 2014 $5,615 $1,674 $3,941 ($338) $5,277 $16.63 59 %
12-Step Facilitation Therapy May. 2014 $4,697 $490 $4,207 $320 $5,016 n/a 60 %
Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA) with Vouchers May. 2014 $5,439 $1,105 $4,333 ($1,191) $4,248 $4.57 56 %
Relapse Prevention Therapy May. 2014 $3,982 $1,156 $2,825 $0 $3,982 n/a 58 %
Holistic Harm Reduction Program (HHRP+) May. 2014 $3,754 $448 $3,306 ($803) $2,951 $4.68 56 %
Contingency management (lower-cost) for substance abuse May. 2014 $2,359 $272 $2,087 ($248) $2,112 $9.53 59 %
Individual Drug Counseling Approach for the Treatment of Cocaine Addiction May. 2014 $4,217 $252 $3,965 ($2,352) $1,865 $1.79 54 %
Matrix Intensive Outpatient Model for the Treatment of Stimulant Abuse May. 2014 $2,425 $376 $2,049 ($1,265) $1,160 $1.92 52 %
Peer support for substance abuse May. 2014 $3,493 $559 $2,934 ($2,783) $709 $1.25 51 %
Contingency management (lower-cost) for marijuana use May. 2014 $310 $136 $174 ($248) $62 $1.25 51 %
Supportive-Expressive Psychotherapy for substance abuse May. 2014 ($1,587) $631 ($2,218) ($2,015) ($3,602) ($0.79) 45 %
Behavioral Self-Control Training (BSCT) May. 2014 ($12,642) ($3,426) ($9,216) ($156) ($12,798) ($81.03) 24 %
Medication-assisted Treatment
Methadone maintenance treatment May. 2014 $8,531 $1,187 $7,345 ($3,722) $4,809 $2.29 89 %
Buprenorphine/Buprenorphine-Naloxone (Suboxone and Subutex) treatment May. 2014 $6,201 $980 $5,221 ($4,556) $1,646 $1.36 65 %
To view details of all Substance Abuse programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Substance Abuse topics reviewed:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach Jun. 2013 Click for meta-analytic results
Day treatment with abstinence contingencies and vouchers May. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) for co-morbid substance abuse and serious mental illness May. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
MET/CBT-5 for youth marijuana use Feb. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Node-link mapping May. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Parent-Child Assistance Program May. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) for retaining clients in treatment May. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy for substance abuse: Integrated Treatment model May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Matrix Model substance abuse treatment for adolescents Jun. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Preventing Addiction-Related Suicide (PARS) May. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Recovery Support Services NEW Jun. 2016 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Seven Challenges Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Behavioral Couples (Marital) Therapy May. 2014 Too few rigorous evaluations to date.
Click to expand
Adult Mental Health
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Adult Mental Health, contact Marna Miller.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) May. 2014 $44,390 $14,063 $30,327 ($354) $44,035 $125.24 100 %
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for adult PTSD NEW Jun. 2016 $41,798 $13,196 $28,602 ($69) $41,730 $608.04 100 %
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for adult anxiety May. 2014 $30,521 $9,614 $20,907 ($359) $30,162 $85.11 100 %
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for adult depression May. 2014 $28,579 $8,892 $19,686 ($238) $28,340 $119.84 100 %
Collaborative Primary Care for anxiety May. 2014 $19,461 $6,223 $13,237 ($813) $18,648 $23.95 98 %
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for schizophrenia/psychosis Dec. 2014 $14,197 $8,073 $6,125 ($1,440) $12,758 $9.86 61 %
Collaborative Primary Care for depression May. 2014 $7,304 $2,388 $4,915 ($812) $6,491 $8.99 100 %
PTSD prevention following trauma May. 2014 $5,487 $1,865 $3,622 ($844) $4,643 $6.50 100 %
Collaborative Primary Care for Depression with comorbid medical conditions May. 2014 $3,632 $1,255 $2,377 ($857) $2,775 $4.24 92 %
Primary care in integrated settings (Veteran's Administration, Kaiser Permanente) May. 2014 $1,348 $467 $881 ($229) $1,120 $5.90 52 %
Individual Placement and Support (IPS) for individuals with serious mental illness May. 2014 $1,404 $558 $846 ($797) $607 $1.76 61 %
Mobile crisis response May. 2014 $1,104 $1,020 $84 ($1,181) ($77) $0.93 42 %
Primary care in behavioral health settings May. 2014 ($61) $105 ($166) ($218) ($279) ($0.28) 50 %
Primary care in behavioral health settings (community-based settings) May. 2014 ($262) ($27) ($235) ($271) ($533) ($0.97) 28 %
Peer support: Substitution of a peer specialist for a non-peer on the treatment team May. 2014 ($1,191) ($367) ($824) $0 ($1,191) ($14,110.77) 25 %
Peer support: Addition of a peer specialist to the treatment team May. 2014 $590 $794 ($204) ($3,477) ($2,887) $0.17 9 %
Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) May. 2014 $321 $926 ($605) ($3,463) ($3,142) $0.09 32 %
Forensic Assertive Community Treatment (FACT) May. 2014 ($5,362) $502 ($5,864) ($12,771) ($18,133) ($0.42) 0 %
Supported housing for chronically homeless adults Dec. 2014 ($7,249) $182 ($7,431) ($15,267) ($22,517) ($0.47) 0 %
Assertive Community Treatment May. 2014 ($7,620) $937 ($8,557) ($18,040) ($25,660) ($0.42) 12 %
To view details of all Adult Mental Health programs in a single pdf, click here.
Adult Mental Health topics reviewed:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
Assisted outpatient treatment Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
Medicaid Health Homes Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Crisis Intervention Team May. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Forensic Integrative Re-entry Support and Treatment (FIRST) May. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Forensic Intensive Supportive Housing (FISH) May. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Peer Bridger May. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Trauma Informed Care: Risking Connection May. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Public Health & Prevention
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Public Health & Prevention, contact Stephanie Lee.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
School-based
Mentoring for students: school-based (taxpayer costs only) Jun. 2014 $27,904 $8,571 $19,333 ($1,171) $26,733 $23.84 74 %
Mentoring for students: school-based (with volunteer costs) Jun. 2014 $26,607 $8,312 $18,295 ($1,825) $24,782 $14.58 72 %
School-based programs to increase physical activity Nov. 2015 $15,296 $3,695 $11,601 ($464) $14,832 $32.94 67 %
Seattle Social Development Project Apr. 2012 $15,860 $5,096 $10,764 ($3,712) $12,148 $4.27 66 %
Positive Action Aug. 2015 $11,793 $3,012 $8,781 ($440) $11,353 $26.81 88 %
Good Behavior Game Apr. 2012 $10,342 $2,671 $7,671 ($161) $10,181 $64.18 71 %
Caring School Community (formerly Child Development Project) Jun. 2014 $10,123 $2,572 $7,551 ($1,240) $8,883 $8.17 61 %
Other school-wide positive behavior programs Aug. 2015 $8,256 $2,164 $6,092 ($612) $7,644 $13.49 77 %
Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) Jun. 2015 $7,560 $1,843 $5,717 ($356) $7,204 $21.24 63 %
Behavioral Monitoring and Reinforcement Program (BMRP) Apr. 2012 $6,775 $1,942 $4,833 ($1,327) $5,448 $5.11 63 %
School-based tobacco prevention programs Dec. 2014 $4,720 $1,204 $3,516 ($63) $4,657 $74.88 99 %
Minnesota Smoking Prevention Program Dec. 2014 $3,274 $752 $2,522 ($32) $3,242 $101.92 92 %
Project EX Dec. 2014 $3,002 $760 $2,243 ($59) $2,943 $50.61 90 %
All Stars Dec. 2014 $2,689 $632 $2,057 ($103) $2,586 $26.07 97 %
Life Skills Training Jun. 2014 $1,706 $410 $1,296 ($99) $1,607 $17.25 66 %
SPORT Jun. 2014 $1,498 $383 $1,115 ($39) $1,459 $38.29 70 %
Alcohol Literacy Challenge for high school students NEW Jun. 2016 $995 $311 $684 ($4) $991 $257.22 59 %
ATHENA (Athletes Targeting Healthy Exercise and Nutrition Alternatives) Dec. 2014 $621 $161 $459 ($38) $583 $16.39 56 %
keepin' it REAL Jun. 2014 $573 $184 $390 ($49) $525 $11.79 62 %
Too Good for Drugs Dec. 2014 $500 $122 $378 ($53) $447 $9.45 91 %
Lions Quest Skills for Adolescence Jun. 2014 $508 $132 $376 ($96) $412 $5.29 65 %
American Indian adolescent substance abuse prevention programs Dec. 2014 $466 $188 $278 ($55) $411 $8.42 54 %
Project Towards No Drug Abuse (TND) Jun. 2014 $427 $136 $290 ($65) $361 $6.54 57 %
Project ALERT Jul. 2014 $473 $139 $334 ($150) $322 $3.15 64 %
Coping Power Program NEW Jun. 2016 $2,006 $690 $1,316 ($1,806) $200 $1.11 50 %
School-based BMI screening and parental notification Nov. 2015 ($48) ($15) ($33) ($25) ($73) ($1.90) 50 %
Youth advocacy/empowerment programs for tobacco prevention Dec. 2014 ($165) ($39) ($126) ($23) ($188) ($7.27) 37 %
School-based obesity prevention education Nov. 2015 ($81) ($10) ($71) ($116) ($197) ($0.69) 48 %
Responsive Classroom Oct. 2015 $344 $154 $189 ($541) ($197) $0.64 48 %
Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) Aug. 2015 ($281) ($153) ($128) ($54) ($335) ($5.19) 49 %
Project SUCCESS Aug. 2014 ($194) ($28) ($166) ($158) ($352) ($1.23) 41 %
Preschool programs to create a healthy food environment and increase physical activity Nov. 2015 ($230) ($36) ($194) ($248) ($478) ($0.93) 44 %
InShape Jun. 2014 ($562) ($172) ($390) ($15) ($577) ($37.34) 46 %
Home- or Family-based
Nurse Family Partnership Apr. 2012 $16,208 $6,518 $9,690 ($10,049) $6,159 $1.61 58 %
Parents as Teachers Apr. 2012 $8,843 $3,014 $5,830 ($2,688) $6,156 $3.29 67 %
Other home visiting programs for at-risk mothers and children Apr. 2012 $11,075 $4,415 $6,660 ($5,870) $5,205 $1.89 63 %
Family-based tobacco and substance use prevention Dec. 2014 $5,109 $1,315 $3,794 ($181) $4,928 $28.17 100 %
Parent Management Training—Oregon Model (prevention population) May. 2015 $5,108 $1,427 $3,680 ($650) $4,458 $7.86 60 %
Strengthening Families for Parents and Youth 10-14 Apr. 2012 $4,126 $1,076 $3,050 ($825) $3,301 $5.00 71 %
Computer-based substance use prevention programs Dec. 2014 $2,713 $700 $2,013 ($70) $2,643 $38.66 70 %
Family Matters NEW Jun. 2016 $1,779 $474 $1,305 ($194) $1,585 $9.19 74 %
Guiding Good Choices (formerly Preparing for the Drug Free Years) Jun. 2014 $1,791 $538 $1,252 ($666) $1,124 $2.69 56 %
Healthy Families America Apr. 2012 $5,811 $3,165 $2,647 ($4,797) $1,015 $1.21 51 %
Family Check-Up (also known as Positive Family Support) Jun. 2014 ($205) ($19) ($186) ($329) ($534) ($0.62) 41 %
Familias Unidas NEW Jun. 2016 ($161) $172 ($333) ($1,469) ($1,630) ($0.11) 41 %
Parent Child Home Program Apr. 2012 $2,914 $2,357 $557 ($5,787) ($2,873) $0.50 43 %
Community-based
Computer-based programs for smoking cessation Dec. 2014 $33,330 $7,039 $26,292 ($40) $33,290 $828.87 100 %
Text messaging programs for smoking cessation Dec. 2014 $19,795 $3,986 $15,808 ($52) $19,742 $378.89 100 %
Quantum Opportunities Program Apr. 2012 $44,967 $17,081 $27,885 ($27,034) $17,933 $1.66 61 %
Mentoring for students: community-based (taxpayer costs only) Jun. 2014 $13,190 $4,031 $9,159 ($1,289) $11,900 $10.23 71 %
Mentoring for students: community-based (with volunteer costs) Jun. 2014 $12,783 $4,193 $8,590 ($3,260) $9,523 $3.92 66 %
Communities That Care Apr. 2012 $2,438 $657 $1,781 ($585) $1,853 $4.17 80 %
Project STAR Jul. 2014 $1,765 $464 $1,301 ($510) $1,255 $3.46 73 %
Project Northland Jun. 2014 $885 $225 $660 ($188) $696 $4.70 74 %
PROSPER NEW Jun. 2016 $824 $326 $498 ($523) $301 $1.58 55 %
Children's Aid Society--Carrera Apr. 2012 $7,658 $4,215 $3,444 ($14,782) ($7,124) $0.52 41 %
CASASTART Apr. 2012 ($6,369) ($417) ($5,952) ($7,075) ($13,443) ($0.90) 20 %
Fast Track prevention program Apr. 2012 ($21,407) $2,453 ($23,860) ($61,221) ($82,628) ($0.35) 0 %
Population-level policies
Access to tobacco quitlines Dec. 2014 $21,052 $1,645 $19,407 ($214) $20,838 $98.17 95 %
More intensive tobacco quitlines (compared to less intensive quitlines) Dec. 2014 $9,915 $1,650 $8,265 ($130) $9,784 $76.10 100 %
Anti-smoking media campaign, youth effect Dec. 2014 $4,259 $987 $3,272 ($28) $4,231 $153.77 100 %
Anti-smoking media campaigns, adult effect Dec. 2014 $2,067 $595 $1,472 ($35) $2,032 $58.70 86 %
Multicomponent environmental interventions to prevent youth tobacco use NEW Jun. 2016 $1,288 $346 $942 ($155) $1,133 $8.32 86 %
Triple-P Positive Parenting Program (System) Apr. 2012 $1,120 $387 $733 ($150) $970 $7.48 63 %
Multicomponent environmental interventions to prevent youth alcohol use NEW Jun. 2016 ($173) ($37) ($135) ($105) ($278) ($1.64) 27 %
To view details of all Public Health & Prevention programs in a single pdf, click here.
Other Public Health & Prevention topics reviewed; benefit-cost results not yet available:
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review Notes
10% increase in cigarette tax (effect on adults) Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
10% increase in cigarette tax (effect on youth) Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Adolescent Sibling Pregnancy Prevention Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Athletes Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Body Project NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Child FIRST Jul. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
Compliance checks for alcohol NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Compliance checks for tobacco NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Curriculum-based support groups (CBSG) NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Postponing Sexual Involvement (c) Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Protecting You/Protecting Me NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Raising Healthy Children NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Reconnecting Youth Dec. 2014 Click for meta-analytic results
School-based programs to create a healthy food environment Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
School-based service learning Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
School-based sexual education Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Soda taxes: a 1% higher tax on soda than on other food items Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
STARS (Start Taking Alcohol Risks Seriously) for Families NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Strong African American Families NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Strong African American Families—Teen NEW Jun. 2016 Click for meta-analytic results
Teen Outreach Program Apr. 2012 Click for meta-analytic results
Workplace-wide interventions to prevent obesity Nov. 2015 Click for meta-analytic results
4Results Mentoring Jun. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Aban Aya Youth Project Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Active Parenting of Teens: Families in Action Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
BrainTrain4Kids Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Celebrating Families Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Coping and Support Training Jun. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
DARE to be You Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Familias Unidas Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Friday Night Live Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Hip-hop 2 prevent substance abuse and HIV Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Lead and Seed Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Media Detective Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Media Ready Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Mobile phone "apps" for smoking cessation Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Native FACETS Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Not on Tobacco Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Nurturing Fathers NEW Jun. 2016 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
PALS: Prevention through Alternative Learning Styles Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Project MAGIC Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Project Venture Jun. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Pyramid model May. 2015 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Reality Tour Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Red Cliff Wellness School Curriculum Jun. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Refuse, Remove, Reasons (RRR) High School Education Program Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Rock in Prevention, Rock PLUS Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Sembrando Salud Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
SMART Leaders Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Stay SMART Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Storytelling for Empowerment Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Strengthening Multi-Ethnic Families and Communities Jan. 2013 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
TAP-Helping Teens Stop Using Tobacco Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Teens Against Tobacco Use (TATU) Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
TEG-Intervening with Teen Tobacco Users Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Tobacco and Alcohol Prevention Program Dec. 2014 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Youth and Family Link NEW Jun. 2016 No rigorous evaluation measuring outcome of interest.
Click to expand
Workforce Development
For questions on benefit-cost results relating to Workforce Development, contact Stephanie Lee.
Program name
(click on the program name for more detail)
Date of last literature review
Total benefits
Taxpayer benefits
Non-taxpayer benefits
Costs
Benefits minus costs (net present value)
Benefit to cost ratio
Chance benefits will exceed costs
Case management for unemployment insurance claimants Nov. 2015 $3,606 $1,154 $2,452 ($182) $3,424 $19.84 69 %
Training with work experience for adult welfare recipients Nov. 2015 $6,928 $3,781 $3,147 ($4,158) $2,770 $1.67 78 %
Job search and placement Nov. 2015 $2,345 $1,491 $854 ($517) $1,829 $4.54 67 %
Work experience Nov. 2015 $3,834 $2,570 $1,264 ($2,053) $1,780 $1.87 81 %
Training with work experience for adults, not targeting welfare recipients Nov. 2015 $5,127 $2,315 $2,812 ($4,138) $989 $1.24 54 %
Case management for former welfare recipients Nov. 2015 ($934) $391 ($1,325) ($2,936) ($3,870) ($0.32) 19 %
Case management for welfare recipients or low-income individuals Nov. 2015 ($965) $246 ($1,211) ($2,919) ($3,885) ($0.33) 17 %
Training, no work experience Nov. 2015 $3,636 $2,308 $1,328 ($8,297) ($4,661) $0.44 38 %
Training with work experience for youth Nov. 2015 ($2,494) $675 ($3,169) ($7,362) ($9,856) ($0.34) 32 %
To view details of all Workforce Development programs in a single pdf, click here.
For more information on the methods
used please see our Technical Documentation.
360.586.2677
institute@wsipp.wa.gov