|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$413||Benefits minus costs||($2,479)|
|Participants||($307)||Benefit to cost ratio||($0.04)|
|Others||$2,668||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($2,864)||benefits greater than the costs||48 %|
|Net program cost||($2,389)|
|Benefits minus cost||($2,479)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with cannabis abuse or dependence||$71||$157||$0||$0||$228|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($29)||($63)||$0||$0||($92)|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($802)||($142)||($845)||($404)||($2,193)|
|Health care associated with cannabis abuse or dependence||$9||$3||$11||$4||$27|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||($119)||($261)||$0||($1,907)||($2,286)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,196)||($1,196)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$2,253||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2017 dollars)||($2,389)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder^^||16||1||25||0.029||0.292||18||n/a||n/a||n/a||0.079||0.788|
|Cannabis use disorder||16||2||61||-0.012||0.209||18||-0.012||0.209||18||0.002||0.991|
|Illicit drug use disorder||16||1||225||0.177||0.098||18||0.000||0.187||21||0.177||0.070|
|Substance use disorder^||16||2||101||0.177||0.250||18||n/a||n/a||n/a||0.048||0.892|
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