|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$2,601||Benefits minus costs||$5,895|
|Participants||$0||Benefit to cost ratio||$3.79|
|Others||$5,160||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$245||benefits greater than the costs||92 %|
|Net program cost||($2,112)|
|Benefits minus cost||$5,895|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
Violations of the conditions of an individual’s terms of probation, parole, or supervision.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||$2,601||$0||$5,160||$1,301||$9,062|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,056)||($1,056)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$2,004||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($2,112)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||70 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Hamilton, Z., Kigerl, A., & Hays, Z. (2013). Removing release impediments and reducing correctional costs: Evaluation of Washington State’s housing voucher program. Justice Quarterly.
Lutze, F.E., Rosky, J. ., & Hamilton, Z.K. (2014). Homelessness and reentry: A multisite outcome evaluation of Washington State's reentry housing program for high risk offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 41, 4.