|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$679||Benefits minus costs||$3,895|
|Participants||$831||Benefit to cost ratio||$11.40|
|Others||$347||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$2,412||benefits greater than the costs||59 %|
|Net program cost||($374)|
|Benefits minus cost||$3,895|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Retention and engagement in treatment or care.
Opioid use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of opioid use disorder or symptoms on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Opioid use disorder||Criminal justice system||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Labor market earnings associated with opioid drug abuse or dependence||$231||$542||$0||$0||$772|
|Health care associated with opioid drug abuse or dependence||$346||$49||$347||$173||$915|
|Mortality associated with opioids||$102||$240||$0||$2,427||$2,769|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($187)||($187)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,007||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($374)|
|Comparison costs||$651||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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