|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$9,524||Benefits minus costs||$13,005|
|Participants||$4,534||Benefit to cost ratio||$4.73|
|Others||$465||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,972||benefits greater than the costs||96 %|
|Net program cost||($3,491)|
|Benefits minus cost||$13,005|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Child abuse and neglect||$242||$98||$0||$119||$460|
|K-12 grade repetition||$19||$0||$0||$10||$29|
|K-12 special education||$124||$0||$0||$61||$185|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$1||$0||$1|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$90||$29||$111||$44||$274|
|Labor market earnings associated with child abuse & neglect||$2,058||$4,533||$0||$10||$6,601|
|Costs of higher education||($84)||($126)||($38)||($41)||($288)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,729)||($1,729)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$3,547||2008||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($3,491)|
|Comparison costs||$392||2008||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment Age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Child abuse and neglect||10||2||180||-0.231||0.114||11||-0.231||0.114||17||-0.231||0.044|
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