Court-involved youth: Youth who are processed through the juvenile justice system but who are not ordered to a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility. This includes populations of arrested youth, diverted youth, charged youth, adjudicated youth, and youth on probation or formal supervision.
Youth in state institutions: Youth who are confined in a residential or correctional facility when they participate in the program.
Youth post-release: Youth who are returning to the community following a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility and who participate in the program after release to the community.
|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$2,708||Benefits minus costs||$12,204|
|Participants||$845||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$5,567||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,791||benefits greater than the costs||84 %|
|Net program cost||$1,294|
|Benefits minus cost||$12,204|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||$2,381||$0||$5,064||$1,190||$8,636|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$419||$985||$545||$0||$1,949|
|Costs of higher education||($93)||($140)||($42)||($46)||($321)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$647||$647|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$205||1995||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$1,294|
|Comparison costs||$1,510||2015||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Butts, J., Buck, J., & Coggeshall, M. (2002). The impact of Teen Court on young offenders. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.
Hissong, R. (1991). Teen court—Is it an effective alternative to traditional sanctions? Journal for Juvenile Justice and Detention Services, 6, 14–23.
Povitsky, W.T. (2005). Teen court: Does it reduce recidivism? (Master's thesis, unpublished).
Stickle, W.P., Wilson, D.M., Gottfredson, D., & Connell, N.M. (2008). An experimental evaluation of teen courts. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 4 (2), 137-163.