|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$2,635||Benefits minus costs||$9,638|
|Participants||$95||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$5,059||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,779||benefits greater than the costs||63 %|
|Net program cost||$70|
|Benefits minus cost||$9,638|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$26||$61||$0||$0||$88|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$106||$16||$109||$53||$286|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$7||$17||$0||$443||$467|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$35||$35|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$4,286||2015||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$70|
|Comparison costs||$4,353||2015||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Illicit drug use^||31||2||316||-0.445||0.156||31||n/a||n/a||n/a||-0.445||0.004|
|Illicit drug use disorder||31||3||777||-0.050||0.249||31||0.000||0.187||34||-0.050||0.842|
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