|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$3,247||Benefits minus costs||$6,825|
|Participants||$473||Benefit to cost ratio||$2.71|
|Others||$5,381||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,708||benefits greater than the costs||59 %|
|Net program cost||($3,985)|
|Benefits minus cost||$6,825|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
Number of hours worked in a given time period.
Illicit drug use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of illicit drug use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale. When possible, we exclude cannabis/marijuana use disorder from this outcome.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||$2,560||$0||$4,846||$1,280||$8,686|
|Illicit drug use disorder||Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$133||$312||$0||$0||$444|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$520||$81||$535||$260||$1,396|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$35||$81||$0||$2,161||$2,276|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,993)||($1,993)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$3,783||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($3,985)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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Dynia, P., & Sung, H.-E. (2000). The safety and effectiveness of diverting felony drug offenders to residential treatment as measured by recidivism. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 11(4), 299-311.
Jason, L.A., Olson, B.D., & Harvey, R. (2015). Evaluating alternative aftercare models for ex-offenders. Journal of Drug Issues, 45(1), 53-68.
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