|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,318||Benefits minus costs||$3,995|
|Participants||$2,737||Benefit to cost ratio||$26.14|
|Others||$88||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$10||benefits greater than the costs||75 %|
|Net program cost||($159)|
|Benefits minus cost||$3,995|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with problem alcohol use||$1,216||$2,678||$0||$48||$3,943|
|Property loss associated with problem alcohol use||$0||$4||$7||$0||$11|
|Health care associated with problem alcohol use||$82||$15||$78||$41||$216|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$19||$41||$1||($79)||($18)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$151||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2015 dollars)||($159)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Drinking and driving||1||62||-0.686||0.340||40||-0.094||0.509||42||-0.686||0.043|
|Problem alcohol use||15||1403||-0.170||0.050||40||-0.023||0.075||42||-0.170||0.001|
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