|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($664)||Benefits minus costs||($8,941)|
|Participants||($463)||Benefit to cost ratio||($1.69)|
|Others||$151||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($4,640)||benefits greater than the costs||41 %|
|Net program cost||($3,325)|
|Benefits minus cost||($8,941)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($48)||($106)||$0||$0||($155)|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($1,242)||($218)||($1,303)||($616)||($3,378)|
|Labor market earnings associated with problem alcohol use||$105||$232||$0||$0||$337|
|Property loss associated with problem alcohol use||$0||$1||$2||$0||$3|
|Health care associated with problem alcohol use||$22||$3||$24||$11||$59|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||($171)||($376)||$0||($2,706)||($3,253)|
|Mortality associated with problem alcohol||$0||$1||$0||$6||$7|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,670)||($1,670)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$2,645||2004||Present value of net program costs (in 2017 dollars)||($3,325)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2004||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Illicit drug use disorder||16||2||145||0.274||0.280||18||0.000||0.187||21||0.509||0.341|
|Problem alcohol use||16||1||31||-0.015||0.250||18||-0.015||0.250||18||-0.015||0.951|
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