|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$7,996||Benefits minus costs||$25,549|
|Participants||$15,203||Benefit to cost ratio||$49.85|
|Others||$1,788||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,085||benefits greater than the costs||100 %|
|Net program cost||($523)|
|Benefits minus cost||$25,549|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with major depression||$6,248||$14,676||$0||$0||$20,924|
|Health care associated with major depression||$1,732||$490||$1,788||$866||$4,876|
|Mortality associated with depression||$16||$37||$0||$480||$534|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($261)||($261)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,231||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($523)|
|Comparison costs||$672||2008||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Major depressive disorder||39||64||1489||-0.481||0.044||40||-0.250||0.053||42||-0.733||0.001|
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