|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$186||Benefits minus costs||$1,135|
|Participants||$248||Benefit to cost ratio||$4.89|
|Others||$88||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$905||benefits greater than the costs||52 %|
|Net program cost||($292)|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,135|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$61||$133||$0||$0||$194|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$77||$13||$80||$41||$211|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$46||$101||$0||$1,009||$1,156|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($147)||($147)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$287||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2017 dollars)||($292)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Illicit drug use disorder||38||3||253||-0.094||0.131||38||0.000||0.187||41||-0.274||0.027|
|Substance use disorder^||38||2||143||-0.324||0.149||38||n/a||n/a||n/a||-0.886||0.001|
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