|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$309||Benefits minus costs||$741|
|Participants||$534||Benefit to cost ratio||$4.53|
|Others||$193||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($85)||benefits greater than the costs||89 %|
|Net program cost||($210)|
|Benefits minus cost||$741|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$269||$592||$271||$0||$1,132|
|Health care associated with educational attainment||$65||($18)||($70)||$32||$9|
|Costs of higher education||($27)||($40)||($12)||($13)||($92)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($106)||($106)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$198||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($210)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment Age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|High school graduation||6||77||1000||0.008||0.004||6||0.008||0.004||17||0.008||0.163|
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