|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$997||Benefits minus costs||($26,817)|
|Participants||($577)||Benefit to cost ratio||($0.42)|
|Others||$509||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($8,837)||benefits greater than the costs||12 %|
|Net program cost||($18,909)|
|Benefits minus cost||($26,817)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($256)||($600)||$0||$0||($856)|
|Health care associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($6)||($1)||($6)||($3)||($16)|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||($1)||($1)||$0||($2)|
|Health care associated with general hospitalization||$35||$1||$34||$17||$87|
|Health care associated with psychiatric hospitalization||$1,089||$15||$245||$545||$1,894|
|Health care associated with emergency department visits||$36||$10||$52||$18||$116|
|Mortality associated with alcohol||$0||($1)||$0||($8)||($9)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($9,455)||($9,455)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$14,000||2013||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($18,909)|
|Comparison costs||$4,482||2013||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||40||4||272||0.103||0.108||42||0.000||0.000||43||0.103||0.338|
|Emergency department visits||40||3||555||-0.043||0.218||42||0.000||0.000||43||-0.043||0.845|
|Illicit drug use disorder||40||4||249||0.048||0.108||42||0.000||0.000||43||0.048||0.658|
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