|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($3,339)||Benefits minus costs||($13,162)|
|Participants||($7,614)||Benefit to cost ratio||($79.39)|
|Others||($145)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($1,900)||benefits greater than the costs||24 %|
|Net program cost||($164)|
|Benefits minus cost||($13,162)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($3,192)||($7,499)||$0||$0||($10,691)|
|Health care associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($109)||($20)||($120)||($54)||($304)|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||($11)||($20)||$0||($31)|
|Mortality associated with alcohol||($36)||($85)||$0||($1,763)||($1,884)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($82)||($82)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$957||2013||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($164)|
|Comparison costs||$804||2013||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||41||12||333||-0.393||0.161||41||0.165||0.181||42||-0.393||0.001|
|Drinking and driving^||41||1||20||-1.048||0.337||41||n/a||n/a||n/a||-1.048||0.001|
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