|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,193||Benefits minus costs||$5,896|
|Participants||$2,148||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$312||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$2,243||benefits greater than the costs||55 %|
|Net program cost||$0|
|Benefits minus cost||$5,896|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$811||$1,906||$0||$0||$2,717|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$2||$4||$0||$7|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$299||$46||$307||$149||$801|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$82||$194||$0||$2,094||$2,370|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,050||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$0|
|Comparison costs||$1,050||2014||Cost range (+ or -)||15 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||40||4||156||-0.234||0.153||40||0.000||0.187||43||-0.234||0.126|
|Cannabis use disorder||40||1||80||-0.130||0.248||40||0.000||0.187||43||-0.103||0.677|
|Illicit drug use disorder||40||3||118||-0.217||0.288||40||0.000||0.187||43||-0.217||0.577|
|Opioid use disorder^^||40||1||13||-1.340||0.575||40||n/a||n/a||n/a||-1.340||0.020|
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