|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$5,763||Benefits minus costs||$17,756|
|Participants||$9,564||Benefit to cost ratio||$45.08|
|Others||$1,680||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,153||benefits greater than the costs||70 %|
|Net program cost||($403)|
|Benefits minus cost||$17,756|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($17)||($38)||$0||$0||($56)|
|Health care associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$2||$0||$2||$1||$5|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Labor market earnings associated with PTSD||$4,130||$9,094||$0||$0||$13,224|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$1,626||$460||$1,678||$816||$4,580|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$22||$48||$0||$537||$607|
|Mortality associated with alcohol||$0||$0||$0||$0||($1)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($201)||($201)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$526||2013||Present value of net program costs (in 2017 dollars)||($403)|
|Comparison costs||$141||2013||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||41||2||72||0.009||0.175||41||0.000||0.187||44||0.009||0.957|
|Illicit drug use disorder||41||5||346||-0.058||0.093||41||0.000||0.187||44||-0.058||0.535|
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