|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$6,757||Benefits minus costs||$37,587|
|Participants||$14,590||Benefit to cost ratio||$892.20|
|Others||$641||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$15,642||benefits greater than the costs||100 %|
|Net program cost||($42)|
|Benefits minus cost||$37,587|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with smoking||$5,945||$13,966||$0||$0||$19,911|
|Health care associated with smoking||$621||$175||$641||$310||$1,747|
|Mortality associated with smoking||$191||$449||$0||$15,352||$15,992|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($21)||($21)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$40||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($42)|
|Comparison costs||$1||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
An, L.C., Klatt, C., Perry, C.L., Lein, E.B., Hennrikus, D.J., Pallonen, U.E., . . . Ahluwalia, J.S. (2008). The RealU online cessation intervention for college smokers: A randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine, 47(2), 194-199.
Brendryen, H., Drozd, F., & Kraft, P. (2008). A digital smoking cessation program delivered through internet and cell phone without nicotine replacement (happy ending): Randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 10(5)
Fritz, D.J., Hardin, S.B., Gore, P.A.J., & Bram, D. (2008). A computerized smoking cessation intervention for high school smokers. Pediatric Nursing, 34(1), 13-17.
Haug, S., Meyer, C., & John, U. (2011). Efficacy of an internet program for smoking cessation during and after inpatient rehabilitation treatment: a quasi-randomized controlled trial. Addictive Behaviors, 36(12), 1369-1372.
Hollis, J.F., Polen, M.R., Whitlock, E.P., et al. (2005). Teen reach: outcomes from a randomized, controlled trial of a tobacco reduction program for teens seen in primary medical care. Pediatrics, 115(4): 981-989.
Oenema, A., Brug, J., Dijkstra, A., Weerdt, I., & Vries, H. (2008). Efficacy and use of an internet-delivered computer-tailored lifestyle intervention, targeting saturated at intake, physical activity and smoking cessation: a randomized controlled trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 35(2), 125-135.
Woodruff, S.I., Conway, T.L., Edwards, C.C., Elliott, S.P., & Crittenden, J. (2007). Evaluation of an Internet virtual world chat room for adolescent smoking cessation. Addictive Behaviors, 32(9), 1769-1786