|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$602||Benefits minus costs||$2,032|
|Participants||$979||Benefit to cost ratio||$56.97|
|Others||$186||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$302||benefits greater than the costs||86 %|
|Net program cost||($36)|
|Benefits minus cost||$2,032|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with smoking||$418||$921||$0||$0||$1,339|
|Health care associated with smoking||$181||$51||$186||$91||$508|
|Mortality associated with smoking||$3||$7||$0||$230||$240|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($18)||($18)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$34||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2017 dollars)||($36)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Dwyer, T., Pierce, J.P., Hannam, C.D., & Burke, N. (1986). Evaluation of the Sydney "Quit. For Life" anti-smoking campaign. Part 2. Changes in smoking prevalence. The Medical Journal of Australia, 144 (7), 344-347.
Etter, J.F. (2007). Informing smokers on additives in cigarettes: A randomized trial. Patient Education and Counseling, 66 (2), 188-191.
Ledwith, F. (1984). Immediate and delayed effects of postal advice on stopping smoking. Health Bulletin, 42 (6), 332-44.
Meyer, A.J., Nash, J.D., McAlister, A.L., Maccoby, N., & Farquhar, J.W. (1980). Skills training in a cardiovascular health education campaign. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48 (2), 129-142.
Osler, M., & Jespersen, N.B. (1993). The effect of a community-based cardiovascular disease prevention project in a Danish municipality. Danish Medical Bulletin, 40 (4), 485-489.
Steenkamp, H.J., Jooste, P.L., Jordaan, P.C., Swanepoel, A.S., & Rossouw, J.E. (1991). Changes in smoking during a community-based cardiovascular disease intervention programme. The Coronary Risk Factor Study. South African Medical Journal, 79 (5), 250-253.
Sutton, S.R., & Hallett, R. (1987). Experimental evaluation of the BBC TV series "So You Want To Stop Smoking?". Addictive Behaviors, 12(4), 363-366.