|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,443||Benefits minus costs||$5,704|
|Participants||$2,901||Benefit to cost ratio||$22.07|
|Others||$158||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,472||benefits greater than the costs||56 %|
|Net program cost||($271)|
|Benefits minus cost||$5,704|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$1,232||$2,714||$0||$0||$3,946|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$5||$9||$0||$14|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$138||$25||$145||$75||$382|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$72||$158||$0||$1,532||$1,762|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($135)||($135)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$263||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2017 dollars)||($271)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2014||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||34||4||238||-0.378||0.187||34||0.000||0.187||37||-0.378||0.043|
|Illicit drug use disorder||34||9||650||-0.150||0.064||34||0.000||0.187||37||-0.150||0.020|
|Opioid use disorder||34||1||52||-0.392||0.201||34||0.000||0.187||37||-0.392||0.051|
|Substance use disorder^||34||5||250||-0.083||0.105||34||n/a||n/a||n/a||-0.083||0.428|
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