|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$2,826||Benefits minus costs||$7,693|
|Participants||($20)||Benefit to cost ratio||$6.31|
|Others||$5,646||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$690||benefits greater than the costs||97 %|
|Net program cost||($1,449)|
|Benefits minus cost||$7,693|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($7)||($15)||$0||$0||($22)|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($29)||($5)||($30)||($15)||($79)|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$0||$0||$0||($2)||($2)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($725)||($725)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,395||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($1,449)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder^^||29||1||23||0.108||0.349||29||n/a||n/a||n/a||0.108||0.757|
|Illicit drug use disorder||29||2||480||0.150||0.194||29||0.000||0.187||32||0.163||0.161|
|Substance use disorder^||29||1||10||-0.743||0.616||29||n/a||n/a||n/a||-0.743||0.227|
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