|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$7,560||Benefits minus costs||$23,935|
|Participants||$12,023||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$2,805||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,436||benefits greater than the costs||100 %|
|Net program cost||$112|
|Benefits minus cost||$23,935|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|K-12 grade repetition||$7||$0||$0||$4||$11|
|K-12 special education||$80||$0||$0||$40||$119|
|Labor market earnings associated with PTSD||$4,800||$11,275||$0||$0||$16,075|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$2,644||$747||$2,729||$1,322||$7,442|
|Mortality associated with depression||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$56||$56|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,037||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$112|
|Comparison costs||$1,035||2009||Cost range (+ or -)||30 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Disruptive behavior disorder symptoms||12||3||102||-0.324||0.150||12||-0.178||0.119||15||-0.759||0.016|
|Externalizing behavior symptoms||12||10||528||-0.008||0.077||12||-0.004||0.046||15||0.064||0.636|
|Major depressive disorder||12||25||1483||-0.308||0.054||12||0.000||0.310||14||-0.581||0.001|
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