|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$441||Benefits minus costs||$1,417|
|Participants||$817||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$77||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$82||benefits greater than the costs||89 %|
|Net program cost||$0|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,417|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Child abuse and neglect||$16||$159||$0||$8||$183|
|K-12 grade repetition||$4||$0||$0||$2||$6|
|K-12 special education||$38||$0||$0||$19||$57|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$21||$6||$22||$11||$60|
|Labor market earnings associated with child abuse & neglect||$277||$652||$0||$0||$929|
|Mortality associated with child abuse and neglect||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$0||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$0|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Child abuse and neglect||8||3||29252||-0.040||0.032||8||-0.040||0.032||17||-0.040||0.221|
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