|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$448||Benefits minus costs||$1,438|
|Participants||$828||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$78||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$84||benefits greater than the costs||90 %|
|Net program cost||$0|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,438|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Child abuse and neglect
Substantiated or founded reports to child protective services.
The removal of a child from parental care, most often to foster care.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Child abuse and neglect||Criminal justice system||$26||$0||$55||$13||$94|
|Child abuse and neglect||$16||$161||$0||$8||$185|
|K-12 grade repetition||$4||$0||$0||$2||$6|
|K-12 special education||$39||$0||$0||$19||$58|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$22||$6||$22||$11||$61|
|Labor market earnings associated with child abuse & neglect||$281||$661||$0||$0||$942|
|Mortality associated with child abuse and neglect||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Out-of-home placement||Out-of-home placement||$60||$0||$0||$30||$90|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$0||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$0|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Lehman, C.M., Liang, S., & O Dell, K. (2005). Impact of flexible funds on placement and permanency outcomes for children in child welfare. Research on Social Work Practice 1(5), 381-388.
Loman, L.A., Filonow, C.S., & Siegel, G.L. (2011). Indiana IV-E child welfare waiver demonstration extensions: final evaluation report. St. Lous, MO: Institute of Applied Research.
Human Services Research Institute (2010). Comprehensive final evaluation report: Ohio's Title IV-E eaiver demonstration project "ProtectOhio." Tualatin, OR: Author.
Institute of Applied Research. (2003). Indiana Title IV-E child welfare waiver demonstration project: final evaluation report. St. Louis: Institute of Applied Research.
Usher, C.L., Wildfire, J.B., Duncan, D.F., Meier, A., Brown, E.L., Salmon, M.A. (2002). Evaluation of North Carolina's Title IV-E waiver demonstration. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, School of Social Work, Jordan Institute for Families.