|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$2,448||Benefits minus costs||$6,439|
|Participants||$3,862||Benefit to cost ratio||$7.52|
|Others||$943||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$173||benefits greater than the costs||100 %|
|Net program cost||($988)|
|Benefits minus cost||$6,439|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Major depressive disorder
Clinical diagnosis of major depression or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
How well individuals (typically those who are developmentally disabled or seriously mentally ill) have adapted to activities of daily living.
Systolic blood pressure^
The blood pressure in the arteries when the heart beats. This is the first (or top) number in a blood pressure reading.
Blood sugar (HbA1c)^
Measure of average blood sugar over 10-12 weeks.
“Bad cholesterol” that is associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Major depressive disorder||Labor market earnings associated with major depression||$1,533||$3,600||$0||$0||$5,133|
|Health care associated with major depression||$914||$258||$943||$457||$2,573|
|Mortality associated with depression||$1||$3||$0||$210||$215|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($494)||($494)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$938||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($988)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||15 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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