|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($1,062)||Benefits minus costs||($3,503)|
|Participants||($1,609)||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||($646)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($186)||benefits greater than the costs||28 %|
|Net program cost||$0|
|Benefits minus cost||($3,503)|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Alcohol use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of alcohol use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
Emergency department visits
Whether someone visited the emergency department, or the number of times they visited the emergency department.
Any employment, including part-time work.
A lack of stable housing, often measured through self-report of conditions like living on streets or in shelters in a given time period.
Admission to a psychiatric ward or hospital.
Mental health symptoms (such as symptoms of psychosis) in individuals with serious mental illness, measured on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||($429)||$0||($810)||($215)||($1,454)|
|Alcohol use disorder||Health care associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($3)||($1)||($3)||($2)||($9)|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||($1)||$0||($1)|
|Mortality associated with alcohol||$0||$0||$0||($5)||($5)|
|Employment||Labor market earnings||($698)||($1,640)||$0||$0||($2,338)|
|Hospitalization (psychiatric)||Health care associated with psychiatric hospitalization||($54)||($1)||($12)||($27)||($94)|
|Emergency department visits||Health care associated with emergency department visits||$123||$33||$180||$61||$398|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$0||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$0|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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