|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$496||Benefits minus costs||$2,773|
|Participants||$652||Benefit to cost ratio||$11.54|
|Others||$242||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,647||benefits greater than the costs||59 %|
|Net program cost||($263)|
|Benefits minus cost||$2,773|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Alcohol use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of alcohol use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
Illicit drug use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of illicit drug use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale. When possible, we exclude cannabis/marijuana use disorder from this outcome.
Adult use of cannabis that does not rise to the level of “disordered.”
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Alcohol use disorder||Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$1||$0||$1|
|Illicit drug use disorder||Criminal justice system||$0||$0||$1||$0||$1|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$190||$446||$0||$0||$636|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$234||$36||$240||$117||$627|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$72||$169||$0||$1,662||$1,903|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($132)||($132)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$240||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($263)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||40 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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