|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$488||Benefits minus costs||$2,732|
|Participants||$643||Benefit to cost ratio||$11.53|
|Others||$237||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,624||benefits greater than the costs||60 %|
|Net program cost||($260)|
|Benefits minus cost||$2,732|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$1||$0||$1|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$187||$440||$0||$0||$627|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$230||$36||$236||$115||$616|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$71||$167||$0||$1,639||$1,876|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($130)||($130)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$240||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($260)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||40 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||37||7||800||-0.196||0.116||37||0.000||0.075||38||-0.290||0.092|
|Illicit drug use disorder||37||29||1595||-0.278||0.049||37||0.000||0.075||38||-0.278||0.001|
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