|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$5,648||Benefits minus costs||$17,993|
|Participants||$9,855||Benefit to cost ratio||$44.80|
|Others||$1,704||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,196||benefits greater than the costs||71 %|
|Net program cost||($411)|
|Benefits minus cost||$17,993|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($14)||($33)||$0||$0||($47)|
|Health care associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||($1)|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Labor market earnings associated with PTSD||$3,989||$9,370||$0||$0||$13,359|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$1,652||$467||$1,705||$826||$4,649|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$22||$52||$0||$576||$649|
|Mortality associated with alcohol||$0||$0||$0||$0||($1)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($205)||($205)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$526||2013||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($411)|
|Comparison costs||$141||2013||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||41||2||72||0.009||0.175||41||0.000||0.187||44||0.009||0.957|
|Illicit drug use disorder||41||5||346||-0.058||0.093||41||0.000||0.187||44||-0.058||0.535|
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