|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$580||Benefits minus costs||$1,730|
|Participants||$1,301||Benefit to cost ratio||$11.24|
|Others||$41||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($23)||benefits greater than the costs||67 %|
|Net program cost||($169)|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,730|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
“All-cause mortality,” or the proportion of all deaths in a given population during a specified period of time, regardless of the cause.
Drinking and driving^
Official or self-reported drinking and driving—arrests, citations, or behavior.
Problem alcohol use
Alcohol use reflecting problem behaviors (e.g., high frequency drinking, binge drinking, or drinking that has a high impact on daily life) for individuals who do not have an alcohol use disorder.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Problem alcohol use||Criminal justice system||$0||$0||$2||$0||$2|
|Labor market earnings associated with problem alcohol use||$549||$1,289||$0||$0||$1,837|
|Property loss associated with problem alcohol use||$0||$3||$6||$0||$10|
|Health care associated with problem alcohol use||$30||$5||$33||$15||$83|
|Mortality associated with problem alcohol||$2||$4||$0||$47||$52|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($84)||($84)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$151||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($169)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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