|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,269||Benefits minus costs||$6,172|
|Participants||$2,173||Benefit to cost ratio||$23.09|
|Others||$386||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$2,623||benefits greater than the costs||55 %|
|Net program cost||($279)|
|Benefits minus cost||$6,172|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Alcohol use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of alcohol use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
Any employment, including part-time work.
Illicit drug use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of illicit drug use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale. When possible, we exclude cannabis/marijuana use disorder from this outcome.
Clinical diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Alcohol use disorder||Criminal justice system||$1||$0||$2||$0||$3|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$785||$1,844||$0||$0||$2,629|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$2||$5||$0||$7|
|Illicit drug use disorder||Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$369||$57||$379||$185||$990|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$115||$269||$0||$2,578||$2,962|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($140)||($140)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$842||2013||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($279)|
|Comparison costs||$584||2013||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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