|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$471||Benefits minus costs||$912|
|Participants||$116||Benefit to cost ratio||$4.81|
|Others||$221||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$343||benefits greater than the costs||51 %|
|Net program cost||($239)|
|Benefits minus cost||$912|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$31||$72||$0||$0||$103|
|Health care associated with general hospitalization||$80||$3||$79||$40||$202|
|Health care associated with psychiatric hospitalization||$300||$4||$68||$150||$522|
|Health care associated with emergency department visits||$50||$14||$74||$25||$163|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$10||$23||$0||$247||$280|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($120)||($120)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$228||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($239)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2014||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||40||3||684||-0.001||0.124||41||0.000||0.186||44||-0.001||0.995|
|Blood sugar (HbA1c)^||40||1||751||0.225||0.105||41||n/a||n/a||n/a||0.225||0.033|
|Emergency department visits||40||3||753||-0.090||0.105||41||0.000||0.000||42||-0.090||0.388|
|Illicit drug use disorder||40||2||643||-0.016||0.081||41||0.000||0.187||44||-0.016||0.845|
|Primary care visits^||40||2||417||0.531||0.188||41||n/a||n/a||n/a||0.531||0.005|
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