|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,419||Benefits minus costs||$1,859|
|Participants||$796||Benefit to cost ratio||$4.39|
|Others||$0||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$193||benefits greater than the costs||68 %|
|Net program cost||($549)|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,859|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Percent change in labor market earnings, typically weekly or monthly wages.
Any employment, including part-time work.
Any form of welfare assistance, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) or Assistance for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC).
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Public assistance||Public assistance||$935||($341)||$0||$467||$1,061|
|Earnings||Labor market earnings||$484||$1,137||$0||$0||$1,622|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($275)||($275)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$515||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($549)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2014||Cost range (+ or -)||56 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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