|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,343||Benefits minus costs||$5,186|
|Participants||$2,619||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$260||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$407||benefits greater than the costs||92 %|
|Net program cost||$557|
|Benefits minus cost||$5,186|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Clinical diagnosis of an anxiety disorder (e.g., general anxiety, panic, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder) or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Anxiety disorder||K-12 grade repetition||$6||$0||$0||$3||$9|
|Labor market earnings associated with anxiety disorder||$1,085||$2,548||$0||$0||$3,633|
|Health care associated with anxiety disorder||$252||$71||$260||$126||$709|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$278||$278|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$475||2015||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$557|
|Comparison costs||$927||2010||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Kennedy, S. J., Rapee, R. M., & Edwards, S. L. (2009). A selective intervention program for inhibited preschool-aged children of parents with an anxiety disorder: Effects on current anxiety disorders and temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(6), 602-609.
Thirlwall, K., Cooper, P.J., Karalus, J., Voysey, M., Willetts, L., & Creswell, C. (2013). Treatment of child anxiety disorders via guided parent-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy: Randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 203(6), 436-444.
Waters, A.M., Ford, L.A., Wharton, T.A., & Cobham, V.E. (2009). Cognitive-behavioural therapy for young children with anxiety disorders: Comparison of a child + parent condition versus a parent only condition. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47(8), 654-662.