Court-involved youth: Youth who are processed through the juvenile justice system but who are not ordered to a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility. This includes populations of arrested youth, diverted youth, charged youth, adjudicated youth, and youth on probation or formal supervision.
Youth in state institutions: Youth who are confined in a residential or correctional facility when they participate in the program.
Youth post-release: Youth who are returning to the community following a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility and who participate in the program after release to the community.
|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$95||Benefits minus costs||$4,953|
|Participants||$12||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$276||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,551||benefits greater than the costs||61%|
|Net program cost||$3,019|
|Benefits minus cost||$4,953|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||$90||$0||$269||$45||$405|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$6||$14||$8||($3)||$24|
|Costs of higher education||($1)||($2)||($1)||($1)||($5)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$1,510||$1,510|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$14,406||2015||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$3,019|
|Comparison costs||$17,238||2015||Cost range (+ or -)||150%|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Barnoski, R. (2004). Washington's juvenile basic training camp: outcome evaluation. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.
Bottcher, J., & Ezell, M.E. (2005). Examining the effectiveness of boot camps: A randomized experiment with a long-term follow up. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 42(3), 309-332.
Peters, M. (1996). Evaluation of the impact of boot camps for juvenile offenders: Mobile interim report. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
T3 Associates Training and Consulting, & Ontario Ministry of Correctional Services. (2001). Project Turnaround outcome evaluation: Final report. Ottawa: T3 Associates Training and Consulting.
Thomas, D., & Peters, M. (1996). Evaluation of the impact of boot camps for juvenile offenders: Cleveland Interim Report. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.