Court-involved youth: Youth who are processed through the juvenile justice system but who are not ordered to a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility. This includes populations of arrested youth, diverted youth, charged youth, adjudicated youth, and youth on probation or formal supervision.
Youth in state institutions: Youth who are confined in a residential or correctional facility when they participate in the program.
Youth post-release: Youth who are returning to the community following a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility and who participate in the program after release to the community.
|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$868||Benefits minus costs||$1,121|
|Participants||$212||Benefit to cost ratio||$1.69|
|Others||$2,096||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($431)||benefits greater than the costs||55 %|
|Net program cost||($1,624)|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,121|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||$786||$0||$1,969||$393||$3,148|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$105||$247||$137||$0||$489|
|Costs of higher education||($23)||($35)||($10)||($12)||($80)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($812)||($812)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,481||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($1,624)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Feldman, D., & Stromsdorfer, E. (2009). TeamChild 2008-2009 evaluation. Olympia: Washington State Department of Social and Health Services, Governor's Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee.
He, L., Stromsdorfer, E.W., & Wang, B. (2005). The federal Byrne grant youth violence prevention and intervention program: Cross-site evaluation 2003-2004 program year (Final Report). Olympia: Rainier Research Associates.