|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$9,866||Benefits minus costs||$13,628|
|Participants||$4,710||Benefit to cost ratio||$4.76|
|Others||$516||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$2,158||benefits greater than the costs||96 %|
|Net program cost||($3,623)|
|Benefits minus cost||$13,628|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Child abuse and neglect||$249||$101||$0||$125||$475|
|K-12 grade repetition||$25||$0||$0||$12||$37|
|K-12 special education||$209||$0||$0||$104||$313|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$1||$0||$1|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$111||$31||$115||$56||$313|
|Labor market earnings associated with child abuse & neglect||$1,948||$4,576||$0||$0||$6,524|
|Mortality associated with child abuse and neglect||$1||$1||$0||$11||$13|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,811)||($1,811)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$3,547||2008||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($3,623)|
|Comparison costs||$392||2008||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Child abuse and neglect||10||2||180||-0.231||0.114||11||-0.231||0.114||17||-0.231||0.044|
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