|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$765||Benefits minus costs||$1,829|
|Participants||$1,441||Benefit to cost ratio||$6.98|
|Others||$186||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($258)||benefits greater than the costs||71 %|
|Net program cost||($306)|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,829|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Child abuse and neglect
Substantiated or founded reports to child protective services.
The removal of a child from parental care, most often to foster care.
Externalizing behavior symptoms
Symptoms of externalizing behavior (e.g., aggressive, hostile, or disruptive behavior) measured on a validated scale.
Symptoms of internalizing behavior (e.g., sadness, anxiety, or withdrawal) measured on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Child abuse and neglect||Criminal justice system||$46||$0||$91||$23||$160|
|Child abuse and neglect||$25||$267||$0||$13||$305|
|K-12 grade repetition||$6||$0||$0||$3||$9|
|K-12 special education||$78||$0||$0||$39||$118|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Labor market earnings associated with child abuse & neglect||$489||$1,148||$0||($244)||$1,392|
|Mortality associated with child abuse and neglect||$0||$0||$0||$2||$2|
|Out-of-home placement||Out-of-home placement||$29||$0||$0||$14||$43|
|Externalizing behavior symptoms||Health care associated with externalizing behavior symptoms||$92||$26||$95||$46||$258|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($153)||($153)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$139||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($306)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||50 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Prinz, R. J., Sanders, M. R., Shapiro, C. J., Whitaker, D. J., & Lutzker, J. R. (2009). Population-based prevention of child maltreatment: The U.S. Triple P system population trial. Prevention Science, 10(1), 1-12.