|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($638)||Benefits minus costs||($5,806)|
|Participants||($81)||Benefit to cost ratio||($8.82)|
|Others||($100)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($4,397)||benefits greater than the costs||0 %|
|Net program cost||($591)|
|Benefits minus cost||($5,806)|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Hospitalization as a result of a fall.
An event which results in a person coming to rest inadvertently on the ground or floor or other lower level.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Falls||Health care associated with falls||($638)||($81)||($100)||($319)||($1,137)|
|Mortality associated with falls||$0||$0||$0||($3,783)||($3,783)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($296)||($296)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$561||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($591)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||50 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Olsson Möller, O., Kristensson, J., Midlöv, P., Ekdahl, C., & Jakobsson, U. (2014). Effects of a one-year home-based case management intervention on falls in older people: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of aging and physical activity, 22(4), 457-464.
Spice, C.L., Morotti, W., George, S., Dent, T.H., Rose, J., Harris, S., & Gordon, C.J. (2009). The Winchester falls project: A randomised controlled trial of secondary prevention of falls in older people. Age and Ageing, 38(1), 33-40.
van Rijn, M. (2017). Nurse-led multifactorial care in community-dwelling older people: Outcomes on daily functioning, experiences and costs. (Doctoral thesis, University of Amsterdam).