|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$680||Benefits minus costs||$1,925|
|Participants||$343||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$565||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$302||benefits greater than the costs||79 %|
|Net program cost||$36|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,925|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||Primary or secondary participant||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Disruptive behavior disorder symptoms
Clinical diagnosis of a disruptive behavior disorder (e.g., conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder) or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
Symptoms of internalizing behavior (e.g., sadness, anxiety, or withdrawal) measured on a validated scale.
Stress reported by a parent, typically measured on a validated scale such as the Parental Stress Index.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Disruptive behavior disorder symptoms||Criminal justice system||$18||$0||$40||$9||$67|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$112||$263||$143||$0||$518|
|K-12 special education||$186||$0||$0||$93||$279|
|Health care associated with disruptive behavior disorder||$377||$107||$389||$189||$1,062|
|Costs of higher education||($18)||($27)||($8)||($9)||($61)|
|Internalizing symptoms||K-12 grade repetition||$4||$0||$0||$2||$6|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$18||$18|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$901||2015||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||$36|
|Comparison costs||$868||2010||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Carnes-Holt, K., & Bratton, S.C. (2014). The efficacy of Child Parent Relationship Therapy for adopted children with attachment disruptions. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(3), 328-337.
Ceballos, P.L., & Bratton, S.C. (2010). Empowering Latino families: Effects of a culturally responsive intervention for low-income immigrant Latino parents on children's behaviors and parental stress. Psychology in the Schools, 47(8), 761-775.
Johnson-Clark, K.A. (1997). The effect of filial therapy on child conduct behavior problems and the quality of the parent-child relationship. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). California School of Professional Psychology, San Diego, CA.
Opiola, K.K., & Bratton, S.C. (2018). The efficacy of Child Parent Relationship Therapy for adoptive families: A replication study. Journal of Counseling & Development, 96(2), 155-166.
Villarreal, C.E. (2008). School-based child parent relationship therapy (CPRT) with Hispanic parents. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Regent University, Virginia Beach, Virginia.