Court-involved youth: Youth who are processed through the juvenile justice system but who are not ordered to a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility. This includes populations of arrested youth, diverted youth, charged youth, adjudicated youth, and youth on probation or formal supervision.
Youth in state institutions: Youth who are confined in a residential or correctional facility when they participate in the program.
Youth post-release: Youth who are returning to the community following a period of confinement in a residential or correctional facility and who participate in the program after release to the community.
|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$7,564||Benefits minus costs||$29,746|
|Participants||$983||Benefit to cost ratio||$9.38|
|Others||$22,984||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,763||benefits greater than the costs||93 %|
|Net program cost||($3,548)|
|Benefits minus cost||$29,746|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||$7,184||$0||$22,398||$3,592||$33,173|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$489||$1,149||$636||$0||$2,274|
|Costs of higher education||($109)||($165)||($50)||($55)||($379)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,774)||($1,774)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$3,368||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($3,548)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Bouffard, J., & Bergseth, K. (2008). The impact of reentry services on juvenile offenders' recidivism. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 6 (3), 295-318.
Drake, E., & Barnoski, R. (2006). Recidivism findings for the Juvenile Rehabilitation Administration's mentoring program: Final report (Document No: 06-07-1202). Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.
Jarjoura, G.P. (2009). Mentoring as a critical tool for effective juvenile reentry: Written testimony submitted to the Congressional briefing on supporting youth reentry from out-of-home placement to the community.