skip to main content
Washington State Institute for Public Policy
- Remove
- Remove
- Remove
From To
+ Add new line


Found 608 results

At What Hourly Wage Are Women Able to Leave and Stay Off Public Assistance?

Open Publication PDF

WSIPP - December 1993

Previous Family Income Study research found that more women left public assistance due to employment than for any other reason and that most exits from assistance were temporary, not long term. This issue brief discusses the hourly wages of women who left public assistance due to employment and the percent who were able to stay off assistance for at least 36 months.

Report ID: 93-12-3101

Dropping Out of School, Teenage Pregnancy, and Public Assistance,

Open Publication PDF

WSIPP - November 1993

Previous Family Income Study research indicates that dropping out of school before graduating, and being a teenage mother, are factors related to low educational attainment and welfare dependency. This issue brief describes the sequence of dropping out of school, and becoming pregnant for the first time, for women on public assistance.

Report ID: 93-11-3101

Female Sex Offenders in Washington State

Open Publication PDF

Lin Song, Roxanne Lieb, Sheila Donnelly - October 1993

This report reviews the literature regarding female sex offenders, and examines the characteristics of convicted female sex offenders in Washington State. Research literature indicates that the prevalence of sex offenses committed by females is relatively low, partly because of underreporting.

Report ID: 93-10-1101

Over Half of the Women on Public Assistance in Washington State Reported Physical or Sexual Abuse as Adults

Open Publication PDF

WSIPP - October 1993

In the fifth annual Family Income Study interview administered in 1992, women were asked if they had been physically or sexually abused as adults. Physical abuse of women by spouses occurs at least once in 20 to 30 percent of households nationwide. National research on the sexual abuse of adult women is scarce; however, studies indicate that at least 20 percent of women have experienced sexual abuse and assault at least once during their lifetime. This issue brief specifically addresses physical and sexual abuse of women on public assistance as adults. Family Income Study survey findings show an alarmingly high rate of physical and sexual abuse of women on public assistance in Washington State. Over half of the women surveyed reported being physically and/or sexually abused as adults. The majority of those who reported being sexually abused also reported being physically abused by a spouse or boyfriend.

Report ID: 93-10-3101

Child Abuse, Teenage Pregnancy, and Welfare Dependency: Is There a Link?

Open Publication PDF

WSIPP - October 1993

A recent study conducted in Washington State of young women who were pregnant or parenting teens found that 66 percent of the young women surveyed who became pregnant as teenagers were sexually abused (Boyer and Fine 1992). The high rate of abuse found in this study prompted new questions, relating to physical and sexual abuse, to be asked in the Family Income Study's fifth year interviews of public assistance and at risk comparison samples. This paper reports on findings concerning the physical and sexual abuse of women on public assistance in Washington State while they were growing up. Sexual abuse in the Family Income Study questionnaire was defined as: unwanted touching, sexual assault, or rape by a family member or others. Physical abuse was defined as: being hit, kicked, punched, or beaten up, other than the occasional spanking, by parents or guardians.

Report ID: 93-10-3102

Recidivism: The Effect of Incarceration and Length of Time Served

Open Publication PDF

Lin Song, Roxanne Lieb - September 1993

The effect of prison or jail sentences on recidivism is an important issue to those concerned with public safety and the cost-effectiveness of putting convicted offenders in prison. This paper summarizes theories and empirical studies on the effect of sentencing on recidivism. Study findings indicate that for some offenders, incarceration and longer confinement seem to increase the risk of recidivism. For other offenders, the likelihood of re-offense will either be unaffected or reduced by longer terms of incarceration. Furthermore, early-release programs do not appear to affect overall recidivism rates.

Report ID: 93-09-1201

Pathways to Employment

Open Publication PDF

Shilin Hu, Carol Webster, Greg Weeks - May 1993

Employment was emphasized as a major pathway off welfare in the federal reform of the AFDC program. For this report, five years of Family Income Study data were analyzed to determine which factors affected the likelihood of employment for women who received public assistance.

Report ID: 93-05-3101

What Are the Differences Between Short-Term and Long-Term Welfare Users?

Open Publication PDF

Carol Webster, Greg Weeks - March 1993

The majority of women who receive AFDC are short-term assistance users and leave AFDC within two years. Long-term users of public assistance, however, present a dilemma to both state and national policymakers in terms of cost and perceived "welfare dependency." The federal Family Support Act and its Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) program now directs states to focus upon education, training, job search, and job development activities for potential long-term users of AFDC. Using five years of Family Income Study data, this study compared the characteristics of short-term and long-term users of AFDC in Washington State during the period of 1988-1992.

Report ID: 93-03-3102

Washington State Sex Offenders: Costs of Sentencing Options

Open Publication PDF

Roxanne Lieb, Hal Scogin, Greg Weeks - February 1993

Policy debates regarding sentencing for sex offenders frequently focus on recidivism rates and treatment techniques. This paper addresses the financial aspects of sentencing, comparing the costs of three sentencing options in Washington State.

Report ID: 93-02-1101

Public Assistance and Income: Changes Over Time

Open Publication PDF

WSIPP - January 1993

By looking at the changing economic circumstances of Washington families over a four-year period, we found changes in annual family income to be common. Such changes in income are called "income mobility." Over the period we studied, increases in family incomes were more common than decreases; national studies have reported similar findings. Our state's longitudinal study, the Family Income Study, allows us to see income mobility over four years (1988-1991) among low-income families in Washington State.

Report ID: 93-01-3101

Filter By Topic
Benefit-cost analysis
Children’s services
Criminal justice: Adult corrections
Criminal justice: Juvenile justice
General government
Health care
Higher education
Mental health
Pre-K-12 education
Public health
Substance abuse

Filter By Author
Nathan Adams
Cory Briar
Julia Cramer
Colin Gibson
Rebecca Goodvin
Chasya Hoagland
Katelyn Kelley
Lauren Knoth-Peterson
Kara Krnacik
Stephanie Lee
Marna Miller
Catherine Nicolai
Amani Rashid
Morgan Spangler
Paige Wanner
Eva Westley
Corey Whichard
(show all authors)