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The Washington Legislature in 1995 directed the Washington State Institute for Public Policy to evaluate the safety net created to address potential school district funding issues under the new special education funding formula. This study finds that school districts are receiving $10.5 million (62 percent of the amount appropriated for the first year) in safety net awards. Ninety-one percent of safety net funds were awarded for school districts under the category of Maintenance of Effort for State Revenues. The rest of the awards were made from the other two categories, Special Characteristics and Costs and High Cost Individual. This study highlights administrative issues to be worked on related to: 1) timing the release of funds, 2) greater education and access for school districts, and 3) an investigation of what criteria are appropriate for the categories of Special Characteristics and Costs and High Cost Individual.
Prior to the recently enacted federal welfare reform, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996, Congress last changed the national public assistance program in the Family Support Act of 1988. States were required to develop Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) programs to increase efforts to move welfare recipients into the labor market. In its 1996 supplemental budget, the Washington Legislature directed its Joint Legislative Audit and Review Committee to evaluate our state’s implementation of JOBS. This report accompanies that review, and describes the operation of JOBS programs in eight other states.
This paper describes how Washington State laws regarding child abuse have been amended since 1965. Each legislative change is summarized, allowing the reader to view the changes in state policy regarding abuse definitions and protected classes of individuals, as well as the amended categories of mandatory reporters.
The Washington Legislature in 1994 directed the Washington State Institute for Public Policy to study juvenile violence, teen pregnancy, and other at-risk behaviors of youth. The Institute was instructed to analyze these behaviors and evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Washington's efforts to achieve measurable reductions in violence and at-risk behaviors. This research brief is part of the Institute's plan to provide the Legislature and other interested persons with up-to-date findings on these topics.
This brief describes Washington’s juvenile court early intervention project administered at the county level. The purpose of the early intervention program is to keep participants from re-offending. The program targets offenders sentenced to probation for the first time who are assessed as having a high risk for re-offending.
This paper describes the policy debates surrounding registration laws and summarizes the features of legislation in all 50 states.
This report describes the current rate of reported child abuse or neglect in Washington State, whether the rate has changed in recent years, and how the rate compares to national incidence estimates.
A review of the caseload histories of Washington State's Family Foster Care and Group Care programs.
This publication examines violent juvenile offenders under the age of 18, follows them through the age of 25, and identifies the portion that were convicted as adults of felony offenses.